Geography Notes For UPSC – Physical Geography Notes For IAS Preparation


Find below the pdfs of UPSC notes on Geography for the Civil Services Exam. Geography is part of both UPSC Prelims Syllabus and the UPSC Mains Syllabus (GS I). Also, Geography is an optional subject choice in the IAS Mains exam. This highly relevant and scoring subject often poses a challenge to IAS aspirants, as students find it hard to go through its comprehensive syllabus.

Hence, we have provided Byju’s Geography notes curated by subject matter experts specifically for IAS preparation.

How to prepare Physical Geography for UPSC exam?

  • Understand the syllabus of Geography for IAS exam
  • Read/prepare notes from NCERTs
  • Check UPSC previous year question papers
  • If it is your optional subject in UPSC Mains exam, have a definite strategy as the syllabus of Geography is extensive

For all the above and more, check the links at the bottom of the article.

Physical Geography Notes for UPSC Prelims exam and IAS Mains



  • Tectonic Plates
    • Plate Tectonics theory
    • Convergent
    • Divergent
    • Conservative
  • Volcanicity
    • Extrusive Topography
    • Intrusive Topography
  • Morphology of Earth
    • Properties
    • Continental Crust
    • Oceanic Crust
    • Body Waves
    • Boundaries
    • Composition
  • Continental Drift Theory
  • Physiography of India
    • IST
    • Location Features
    • Implications of Long Coastline
    • Peninsular Block
    • Gangetic Plain
    • Himalayas


  • Biodiversity in the Himalayas
  • Peninsular Plateau
  • Indian Desert
  • Coastal Plains
    • Eastern
    • Western
  • Islands
  • Drainage System
    • Basic Concepts
    • Drainage Patterns
  • Indian Drainage System
    • Himalayan region
    • Peninsular region
    • Comparison
  • Weather and Climate
    • Factors determining Climate of India
    • Monsoon

How to best use these Geography notes for UPSC preparation?

  • For IAS exam questions in UPSC Mains, if possible make drawings to better illustrate your answers
  • If one goes through the UPSC previous year question papers, one can see the nature of questions are changing. While the emphasis on basis concepts and static part is still there, the dynamic aspects are getting more weightage.
  • Read these Geography notes for UPSC along with NCERT notes for Geography
  • Check out Byju’s IAS 2019 (Pre & Mains) Tablet Course for a holistic approach to the IAS exam preparation.

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