List of Important Acts that Transformed India

The UPSC exam tests a candidate’s knowledge of the government machinery, the three arms of the government, the executive, the legislative and the judiciary, among other things. Polity and governance is an important segment of the UPSC syllabus. Here, acts, bills, rules and amendments play an important role and constitute an essential part of the UPSC questions.

On this page, we have compiled the most important bills and acts that have transformed India and presented it for your convenience. The acts are neatly classified and explained, keeping in mind the needs of the IAS.

For more details on the exam conducted by UPSC, candidates can visit the link IAS Exam.

Why Acts are Important for UPSC?

Acts are important not only because the UPSC has directly asked questions from them, but also because they help understand the why’s and how’s behind many government actions and schemes. We hear concepts like the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, the Environment Protection Act, the Epidemic Diseases Act, Disaster Management Act, etc. in the daily news very often. But many times, the gist of these acts go missing in the news and we find it difficult to comprehend them, especially with the UPSC scheme of things in mind.

Also, see the most important Supreme Court judgements for UPSC in the linked article.

As UPSC aspirants, it is important to know the salient features of the most important acts that frequent headlines, the pros and cons of the legislation, and also how and to what extent they would impact the lives of people in the country. 

This multidimensional understanding of legislation enacted by the Indian Parliament is necessary for clearing the UPSC exam. Acts cover various subjects of the IAS syllabus such as governance, environment and ecology, disaster management, economy, commerce, women, children and other marginalised sections, etc.

In the tables below, you will find all the crucial acts, bills, amendments and rules that have shaped India, starting from the pre-independence days of the Raj, to the latest bills tabled in the Parliament. 

In the tables below, you will find all the crucial acts, bills, amendments and rules that have shaped India, starting from the pre-independence days of the Raj, to the latest bills tabled in the Parliament.

To know the differences between an act and a law, click on the linked article.

Acts for UPSC [History/Freedom Struggle]

Acts for UPSC [Polity and Governance]

Acts for UPSC [Environment & Ecology]

Acts for UPSC [Business/Economy/Labour]

Acts for UPSC [Women & Children/Marginalised Groups]

Acts for UPSC [Internal Security/Terrorism]

Acts for UPSC [Agriculture/Food]

Acts for UPSC [Science and Technology]

Frequently Asked Questions on Important Acts in India

Q 1. How a Bill becomes an Act?

Ans. A Bill is the draft of a legislative proposal that has to pass through various stages before it becomes an Act of Parliament.

Q 2. How many languages are mentioned in the Indian Constitution?

Ans. the Indian constitution recognizes 22 major languages of India in what is known as “the 8th Schedule” of the Constitution.

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