A Draft National Water Framework Bill 2016 was framed by a committee headed by Dr Mihir Shah. The Committee was formed by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. The objective behind framing this bill was to conserve, manage, protect and regulate the use of water. As per the Constitution of India, water comes under the State Subject, hence the approval of states are required if the bill has to fructify as an act.
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Features of Draft National Water Framework Bill
To address a multitude of problems the bill comprehensively covers many areas of concerns. Some of the features of this bill are shared in this article.
Below table gives the 12 Most Important Features of the Draft National Water Framework Bill
|Features of Draft National Water Bill 2016||Details|
|Right to Water for Life||
|Protecting Ecosystems dependent on water||
|People-Centred Water Management||Focus on groundwater and surface water conservation activities by people using
|Water use and Land Use||
|Treatment and Use of Wastewater||
|Integrated River Basin Development and Management||
|Project Planning and Management||
|Planning for Water Security||
|Water Resource Information System||
|Promotion of Innovation and Knowledge Management||
|Water Conflicts – Interstate Water disputes||
National Water Framework Bill- UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here
Multiple Choice Question
Consider the following Statements
- ‘National Water Mission Awards’ are conferred in recognition of excellence achieved in sustainable water management, efficient use of water, and for excellence in water conservation.
- The aim of the Government under Jal Jeevan Mission is to provide tap water to all households by 2024.
- Renovation of traditional and other water bodies, reuse of water and recharging of structures are some of the focus areas of Jal Shakti Abhiyan.
- There are 2 types of water scarcity – physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity.
Which of the following is correct?
A) All the above-given statements are true.
B) None of the above-given statements are true
C) Only Statements 1,2 and 3 are true.
D) Only Statement 4 is true.
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