Concept: National Solar Mission
Topic: Energy sector
CNA mentions: 1(July 4)
Government schemes are an important part of the UPSC IAS syllabus. It forms a part of the polity and governance segment. It is important from both a prelims and a mains perspective. Questions can be asked about the details of the government schemes or of the implications, effectiveness, pitfalls, implementation, etc related to the programmes. This articles talks about the National Solar Mission for the IAS exam. It is an important scheme. It also has implications for environment and ecology segment of the syllabus.
The National Solar Mission is a major initiative of the Government of India and State Governments to promote ecologically sustainable growth while addressing India’s energy security challenges. It will also constitute a major contribution by India to the global effort to meet the challenges of climate change. The objective of the National Solar Mission is to establish India as a global leader in solar energy, by creating the policy conditions for its diffusion across the country as quickly as possible. The immediate aim of the Mission was to focus on setting up an enabling environment for solar technology penetration in the country both at a centralized and decentralized level. The first phase (up to 2013) was to focus on capturing of the low hanging options in solar thermal; on promoting off-grid systems to serve populations without access to commercial energy and modest capacity addition in grid-based systems.