National action plan on climate change (NAPCC)

National Action Plan On Climate Change UPSC

As a part of National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), the Government of India has catapulted eight Missions. It is an assessment of the blow of climate change and strategies needed to deal with climate change.

1. National Solar Mission:

  • The National Action Plan on Climate Change aims to encourage the advancement and utilization of solar energy for power generation and other uses with the definitive goal of making solar energy competitive with fossil-based energy options.
  • This agenda comprises of particular goals for escalating the utilization of solar thermal technologies in metropolitan areas, industry, and business.
  • The creation of a solar research center, increased global partnership on technology advancement, intensification of domestic manufacturing capacity, and augmented government funding and worldwide support.
  • A target of deploying minimum 1000 Mega Watt of solar thermal power generation
  • A target of increasing the production of photovoltaic to 1000 Mega Watt annually.

 

2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency:

  • Strategies based on escalating the energy use efficiency were anticipated to yield savings of 10,000 MW by 2012.
  • Building on the Energy Conservation Act 2001, the plan suggests:

Authorizing particular energy utilization decreases in huge energy-engrossing industries, with a scheme for companies to trade energy-savings certificates.

Energy incentives, including cheap taxes on energy-efficient gadgets.

Financing for public-private partnerships to decrease energy utilization through demand-side management programs in the municipal, infrastructure and agricultural sectors.

 

3. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat:

  • To encourage energy efficiency as a nucleus of urban development, the action calls for:
  • Extending the Energy Conservation Building Code
  • Priority on urban waste management and recycling it in an effective manner.
  • Intensification of the application of automotive fuel economy standards and by means of pricing measures to encourage the procurement of efficient vehicles
  • Incentives for the use of public transportation.

 

4. National Water Mission

  • With water insufficiency expected to deteriorate as a result of climate change, the plan sets a target of a 20% enhancement in water utilization efficiency by means of pricing and other relevant and pragmatic measures.

 

5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem

  • The mission endeavors to preserve forest cover, biodiversity and other environmental assets in the Himalayan area. The glaciers in this region are the key source of India’s water supply which is expected to diminish as a consequence of global warming.

 

6. National Mission for a Green India

  • The target comprises the forestry of 6 million hectares of tarnished forest lands.
  • It also includes mounting forest cover from 23% to 33% of the country.

 

7. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture

  • The mission intent to support the climate adaptation in farming through the advancement of climate-resilient crops, the extension of climate insurance mechanisms, and other farming techniques.

 

8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change

  • To achieve an enhanced perception of climate science, impacts and threats, the mission envisages an innovative Climate Science Research Fund, better climate modeling, and augmented global alliance.
  • It also persuades private sector establishments to build up adaptation and mitigation technologies via venture capital funds.

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