Article 76 of the Indian Constitution under its Part-V deals with the position of Attorney General of India. The topic is important for IAS Exam and its three stages – Prelims, Mains and Interview. It is an important section of Indian Polity which is a significant subject in the UPSC Civil Services Examination.
The article will mention the details about the Attorney General, his powers and responsibilities. Aspirants may also download the notes PDF for the topic as it is important for UPSC Prelims and Mains GS-II which has Political Science as a subject.
Attorney General of India – Indian Polity Notes:- Download PDF Here
For candidates preparing for the upcoming UPSC 2021 exam, the Attorney General of India is one of the most important topics to prepare for the exam. Given below is a list of Attorney Generals in India:
|Attorney General of India||Name of the Attorney General||Tenure|
|1st Attorney General||M.C. Setalvad||28 January 1950 – 1 March 1963|
|2nd Attorney General||C.K. Daftari||2 March 1963 – 30 October 1968|
|3rd Attorney General||Niren de||1 November 1968 – 31 March 1977|
|4th Attorney General||S.V. Gupte||1 April 1977 – 8 August 1979|
|5th Attorney General||L.N. Sinha||9 August 1979 – 8 August 1983|
|6th Attorney General||K. Parasaran||9 August 1983 – 8 December 1989|
|7th Attorney General||Soli Sorabjee||9 December 1989 – 2 December 1990|
|8th Attorney General||J. Ramaswamy||3 December 1990 – November 23 1992|
|9th Attorney General||Milon K. Banerji||21 November 1992 – 8 July 1996|
|10th Attorney General||Ashok Desai||9 July 1996 – 6 April 1998|
|11th Attorney General||Soli Sorabjee||7 April 1998 – 4 June 2004|
|12th Attorney General||Milon K. Banerjee||5 June 2004 – 7 June 2009|
|13th Attorney General||Goolam Essaji Vahanvati||8 June 2009 – 11 June 2014|
|14th Attorney General||Mukul Rohatgi||12 June 2014 – 30 June 2017|
|15th Attorney General||K.K. Venugopal||30 June 2017 till date|
The above-given data shows that the first Attorney General of India, M.C.Setalvad worked at his post for the longest term, i.e. for 13 years and Soli Sorabjee worked as the Attorney General was the shortest period of time. However, he was appointed for the post twice.
Who is Attorney General of India?
Article 76 of the constitution mentions that he/she is the highest law officer of India. As a chief legal advisor to the government of India, he advises the union government on all legal matters.
He also is the primary lawyer representing Union Government in the Supreme Court of India. The Attorney General, like an Advocate General of a State, is not supposed to be a political appointee, in spirit, but this is not the case in practice.
Who appoints Attorney General of India?
President of India appoints a person who is qualified for the post of Supreme Court Judge. There are the following qualifications:
- He should be an Indian Citizen
- He must have either completed 5 years in High Court of any Indian state as a judge or 10 years in High Court as an advocate
- He may be an eminent jurist too, in the eye of the President
What is the term of Attorney General’s office?
There is no fixed term for the Attorney General of India. The Constitution mentions no specified tenure of Attorney General. Similarly, the Constitution also does not mention the procedure and ground of his removal.
You may know the following facts about his office:
- He can be removed by the President at any time
- He can quit by submitting his resignation only to the President
- Since he is appointed by the President on the advice of the Council of Ministers, conventionally he is removed when the council is dissolved or replaced
What is the role of Attorney General of India?
Being the Chief Law Officer of the country, the Attorney General of India has to perform the following duties:
- Whichever legal matters are referred to him by the President, he advises the Union government upon the same.
- President keeps on referring him legal matters that suits his interest and Attorney General has to advise on those too
- Apart from what President refers, he also performs the duties mentioned in the Constitution
- The three duties that are assigned to him by the President are:
- In any legal case where the government of India is related to, the Attorney General has to appear in the Supreme Court on its behalf
- He has to represent the Union Government in any reference made by the president to the Supreme Court under Article 143 of the Constitution
- He also appears in the High Court if any case is related to the Government of India
What are the limitations on the Attorney General?
To avoid conflict of duty, there are a few limitations that are posted on the Attorney General which he should keep in mind while performing his duties:
- He should not advise or hold a brief against the Government of India
- He should not advise or hold a brief in cases in which he is called upon to advise or appear for the Government of India
- He should not defend accused persons in criminal prosecutions without the permission of the Government of India
- He should not accept appointment as a director in any company or corporation without the permission of the Government of India
Facts about Attorney General of India for UPSC:
- He can be part of any court in the Indian Territory
- He got the right to speak and to take part in the proceedings of both the Houses of Parliament (Read about the difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha here) or their joint sitting and any committee of the Parliament of which he may be named a member
- He has no right to vote when he participates in the proceedings of the Indian Parliament
- Similar to Member of Parliament, he also enjoys all powers related to immunities and privileges
- He is not considered as a government servant
- He can practise privately too as he is not debarred from private legal practice
Attorney General of India – Indian Polity Notes:- Download PDF Here
|Original Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court||Government Exams|
|Comptroller and Auditor General of India||Powers and Functions of the High Court|
|How a Bill Is Passed in India||Current Affairs|
Multiple Choice Question
Consider the following statements
- There is no fixed term for the Attorney General of India. The Constitution mentions no specified tenure of the Attorney General. Similarly, the Constitution also does not mention the procedure and ground of his removal. Since he is appointed by the President on the advice of the Council of Ministers, conventionally he is removed when the council is dissolved or replaced.
- Article 76 of the constitution mentions that the Attorney General of India is the highest law officer of India. As a chief legal advisor to the government of India, he advises the union government on all legal matters.He must have either completed 5 years in the High Court of any Indian state as a judge or 10 years in the High Court as an advocate.
- The Comptroller and Auditor – General of India is appointed by the President. He holds office until he attains the age of sixty-five years or at the expiry of the six-year term, whichever is earlier. He submits an audit report of the Union to the President who shall lay it before the Parliament and the audit reports of the States to the respective Governors who shall lay it before the respective State Legislatures.
- Unlike the post of Attorney General for India, which is a Constitutional post under Article 76 of the Constitution of India, the posts of the Solicitor General and the Additional Solicitors General are merely statutory. The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet(ACC) recommends the appointment and the President officially appoints the Solicitor General.
Choose the correct answer from the below-given options
- Only statements 1 and 3 are true.
- All the above statements are true
- None of the above statements are true.
- Only statements 2, 3, and 4 are true.