NCERT Notes: Indian National Congress Sessions

Subject: History
Category: Modern History
Topic: Indian National Congress Sessions/Important Congress Sessions IAS

NCERT notes on important topics for the UPSC civil services exam. These notes will also be useful for other competitive exams like banking PO, SSC, state civil services exams and so on. This article talks about Indian National Congress Sessions.

The Indian National Congress (INC) was established in 1885 and it grew to become one of the most important political parties in pre-independence India. Starting as an organisation comprising only of the educated elite in India, it became a mass party later on with prominent leaders like Lajpat Rai, Tilak, Gandhi, Nehru, Bose, etc. as its members.

INC founders: Allan Octavian Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha

INC sessions

Year

Location

President

Importance

1885

Bombay

W C Bonnerji

1st session attended by 72 delegates

1886

Calcutta

Dadabhai Naoroji

 

1887

Madras

Badruddin Tyabji

 

1888

Allahabad

George Yule

First English president

1889

Bombay

Sir William Wedderburn

 

1890

Calcutta

Sir Pherozeshah Mehta

 

1891

Nagpur

P Ananda Charlu

 

1892

Allahabad

W C Bonnerji

 

1893

Lahore

Dadabhai Naoroji

 

1894

Madras

Alfred Webb

 

1895

Poona

Surendranath Banerjee

 

1896

Calcutta

Rahimtullah M. Sayani

National song ‘Vande Mataram’ sung for the first time

1897

Amravati

C Sankaran Nair

 

1898

Madras

Ananda Mohan Bose

 

1899

Lucknow

Romesh Chunder Dutt

 

1900

Lahore

N G Chandavarkar

 

1901

Calcutta

Dinshaw Wacha

 

1902

Ahmedabad

Surendranath Banerjee

 

1903

Madras

Lal Mohan Ghosh

 

1904

Bombay

Sir Henry Cotton

 

1905

Benares

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

 

1906

Calcutta

Dadabhai Naoroji

 

1907

Surat

Rash Behari Ghosh

Party splits into extremists and moderates

1908

Madras

Rash Behari Ghosh

Previous session continued

1909

Lahore

Madan Mohan Malaviya

 

1910

Allahabad

Sir William Wedderburn

 

1911

Calcutta

Bishan Narayan Das

Jana Gana Mana sung for the first time

1912

Bankipore (Patna)

Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar

 

1913

Karachi

Syed Mohammed Bahadur

 

1914

Madras

Bhupendra Nath Basu

 

1915

Bombay

Satyendra Prasanna Sinha

 

1916

Lucknow

Ambica Charan Mazumdar

Lucknow Pact – joint session with the Muslim League

1917

Calcutta

Annie Besant

First woman president of the INC

1918

Bombay and Delhi

Syed Hasan Imam (Bombay) and Madan Mohan Malaviya (Delhi)

Two sessions held. First in Bombay in August/September. Second in Delhi in December

1919

Amritsar

Motilal Nehru

 

1920

Nagpur

C Vijayaraghavachariar

 

1921

Ahmedabad

Hakim Ajmal Khan (Acting President for C R Das)

 

1922

Gaya

C R Das

 

1923

Delhi

Abul Kalam Azad

Special session. Azad was the youngest president

1924

Belgaum

M K Gandhi

 

1925

Kanpur

Sarojini Naidu

First Indian woman president

1926

Guwahati

S Srinivasa Iyengar

 

1927

Madras

M A Ansari

 

1928

Calcutta

Motilal Nehru

All India Youth Congress formed

1929

Lahore

Jawaharlal Nehru

Resolution for Poorna Swaraj. Civil disobedience movement for complete independence to be launched, 26 January to be observed as ‘Independence Day’.

1930

No session

   

1931

Karachi

Vallabhbhai Patel

Resolution on fundamental rights and national economic progress. Gandhi-Irwin Pact endorsed. Gandhi nominated to represent INC in the Second Round Table Conference

1932

Delhi

R Amritlal

Congress banned

1933

Calcutta

Malaviya was elected but Mrs. Nellie Sengupta presided

Congress banned

1934

Bombay

Rajendra Prasad

 

1936

Lucknow

Jawaharlal Nehru

 

1937

Faizpur

Jawaharlal Nehru

First session to be held in a village

1938

Haripura

Subhas Chandra Bose

National Planning Committee set up under Nehru

1939

Tripuri

Subhas Chandra Bose

Bose was elected but had to resign since Gandhi supported Pattabhi Sitaramayya. Instead Rajendra Prasad was appointed

1940

Ramgarh

Abul Kalam Azad

 

1941-45

   

No session because of arrest

1946

Meerut

Acharya Kripalani

Last session before independence

1948

Jaipur

Pattabhi Sitaramayya

First session after independence

 

Also See | NCERT Notes: The Lucknow Pact, 1916

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