Important Governors-General of Bengal and India: Essential Facts for IAS Exam

Governor Generals of India UPSC Exam

The history India is very important for all competitive is a very wide subject with a lot of data and information. It is an essential part of the UPSC civil service examination. According to UPSC civil services exam syllabus, the Indian History can be divided into three sections. They are Ancient history, medieval history, and Modern history. A noteworthy weightage is accorded to the subject of History in many years. Know more about UPSC Syllabus and IAS Exam.

By analyzing the previous year UPSC Civil services, IAS exam question papers, it is observed that more weightage is given to ‘Modern History’. So to get the most advantage and Return On Investment, for the time invested, you should ‘prioritize’ in this sequence – Modern, Ancient, and Medieval History.

Governor General of India and important events


Governor Generals of Bengal

Major reforms


Warren Hastings


First Governor of Bengal

End to the dual system of administration

Regulating Act of 1773

Supreme court at Calcutta

Asiatic Society of Bengal

First Anglo-Maratha war and Treaty of Salbai

First English translation of Bhagawadagita

Pitt’s India Act-1784



Lord Cornwallis(Governor Generals of Bengal)

Establishment of Appellate courts and lower grade courts

Establishment of Sanskrit college

Third Anglo-Mysore War and Treaty of Seringapatam

Introduction of Permanent Settlement and civil services


Sir John Shore(Governor Generals of Bengal)

Charter act of 1793

Policy of Non-intervention

Battle of Kharda


Lord Wellesley (Governor Generals of Bengal)

Introduction of Subsidiary Alliance System

Fourth Anglo- Mysore war and the Treaty of Bassein

Second Anglo – Maratha war

Establishment of Madras presidency

Establishing Fort William College at Calcutta


Lord Hastings (Governor Generals of Bengal)

Policy of Non-intervention came to an end

third Anglo-Maratha war

Abolition of Peshwaship

Establishment of the Ryotwari System in Madras and Bombay

Mahalwari system in north-western Provinces and Bombay

Governor Generals of India


Governor Generals of India


Major reforms


Lord William Bentinck

First Governor-General of India

Abolition of Sati

Suppression of Thugi, infanticide and child sacrifices.

English Education Act 1835

Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata



Lord Charles Metcalfe(Governor Generals of India)

‘Liberator of the Indian press

detached all restraints on open press


Lord Dalhousie (Governor Generals of India)

introduced ‘Doctrine of Lapse‘

Doctrine of Good

Charles Wood Dispatch

Post Office Act, 1854

1st Railway line connecting Bombay and Thane

Established engineering college in Roorke

Second Anglo-Sikh War 

First telegraph line

 Establishment of Public Works Department 

Abolition of titles and pensions.

Started Competitive  examination for Indian Civil Services 

Widow Remarriage Act

 Previous year question paper

Get previous year question paper

1. The tendency for increased litigation was visible after the introduction of the land settlement system of Lord Cornwallis in 1793. The reason for this is normally traced to which of the following provisions? (UPSC Civil Services Preliminary 2011)

  1. Making Zamindar’s position stronger vis-a-vis the ryot
  2. Making East India Company an overlord of Zamindars
  3. Making judicial system more efficient
  4. None of the (a), (b) and (c) above

Answer: D

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