List of Governors-General Of India, First Governor-General Of Bengal & Viceroy

This article will abreast you with all the relevant information about the first Governor-General of Bengal, various Governors-General of India, their achievements, and the major reforms that took place during their tenure as the Governors-General or viceroys of India. This topic is covered in the general awareness section of any competitive exam. 

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General awareness often ignored by the candidates is an important part of any entrance exam. Around 25% of the exam paper features questions based on general awareness and current affairs. Like Governor-General of India, there are more such topics from the Indian history that is covered in UPSC exam and also hold relevance in major competitive examinations.

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Governor-General of India & Important Events

The first Governor of Bengal and first Governor-General Of India was Warren Hastings with tenure of office from 1772-1785. 

Warren Hastings was an English statesman, the head of the Supreme Council of Bengal. He brought an end to the Dual Government system by enforcing the Regulating Act of 1773. He founded the Calcutta Madrasa for the promotion of Islamic studies, and the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in the year 1781 and 1784 respectively. Hastings was also elected as a fellow of the Royal Society in 1801.

More such information on different Viceroys and Governor-General Of India along with the major reforms brought by them are given below in the form of a list. 

List of Governors-General Of Bengal

 

Year Governors-General of Bengal Major Reforms & Events
1772-1785 Warren Hastings First Governor of Bengal

End to the dual system of administration

Regulating Act of 1773

Supreme court at Calcutta

Asiatic Society of Bengal

First Anglo-Maratha War and Treaty of Salbai

First English translation of Bhagavad Gita

Pitt’s India Act-1784

1786-1793 Lord Cornwallis Establishment of Appellate courts and lower grade courts

Establishment of Sanskrit college

Third Anglo-Mysore War and Treaty of Seringapatam

Introduction of Permanent Settlement and civil services

1793-1798 Sir John Shore  Charter act of 1793

Policy of Non-intervention

Battle of Kharda

1798-1805 Lord Wellesley  Introduction of Subsidiary Alliance System

Fourth Anglo- Mysore war and the Treaty of Bassein

Second Anglo – Maratha war

Establishment of Madras presidency

Establishing Fort William College at Calcutta

1805-1807 Sir George Barlow The Acting Governor-General of India until the arrival of Lord Minto,

Diminished the area of British territory because of his passion for economy and retrenchment,

The Mutiny of Vellore took place in 1806

1807-1813 Lord Minto I Concluded the treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1809,

Introduced the Charter Act of 1813

1813-1823 Lord Hastings  Policy of Non-intervention came to an end

third Anglo-Maratha war

Abolition of Peshwaship

Establishment of the Ryotwari System in Madras and Bombay

Mahalwari system in north-western Provinces and Bombay

1823-1828  Lord Amherst  The annexation of Assam leading to the first Burmese war of 1824,

The mutiny of Barrackpore in 1824

Governors-General Of India

Year Governors-General of India Major reforms
1828-1835 Lord William Bentinck First Governor-General of India

Abolition of Sati

Suppression of Thugi, infanticide and child sacrifices.

English Education Act 1835

Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata

 

1835-1836 Lord Charles Metcalfe(Governors-General of India) ‘Liberator of the Indian press

detached all restraints on open press

1836-1842 Lord Auckland Dedicated himself to the improvement of native schools and the expansion of the commercial industry of India

The first Anglo-Afghan war 

1848-1856 Lord Dalhousie (Governors-General of India) introduced ‘Doctrine of Lapse‘

Doctrine of Good

Charles Wood Dispatch

Post Office Act, 1854

1st Railway line connecting Bombay and Thane

Established engineering college in Roorkee

Second Anglo-Sikh War 

First telegraph line

 Establishment of Public Works Department 

Abolition of titles and pensions.

Started Competitive  examination for Indian Civil Services 

Widow Remarriage Act

List of Governors-General of India- Download PDF Here

The information provided on the Viceroys of India, Governors-General of India and first governor General of Bengal is helpful to tackle the tricky general awareness section questions in any competitive exam. 

To know about the type of questions related to such topics asked in the UPSC exam, candidates are advised to refer to the UPSC previous year question papers

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