This article consists of the list of viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947. The title of viceroy was introduced post the battle of 1857. The British government witnessed the mismanagement by the East India company and therefore the government introduced a representative head titled as the Viceroy of India.
From the civil services exam perspective, the List of Viceroys and the role they played under the EIC is important to the
UPSC Syllabus and candidates must go through the points discussed further below in this article.
This is an important topic for the
List of Viceroys in India:- Download PDF Here Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947
Given below is the list of Viceroys in India, their tenure and achievements, important from the perspective of the upcoming
civil service exam:
Abolished doctrine of lapse
1862 – 1863
1864 – 1869
Establishment of High court in Calcutta, Madras during his reign.
1869 – 1872
Financial Distribution between centre and state introduced for the first time
First Census in 1872
Mayo College for the royal elite was set up
Lord Mayo was the only Governor-General who was killed in India. He was killed by Sher Ali Afridi in Port Blair
Establishment of Statistical Survey of India
1872 – 1876
Civil Marriage and Arya Samaj marriage introduced
Universal Marriage Act introduced in 1872
Intercaste Marriage allowed
Kuka Movement in Punjab
1876 – 1880
Vernacular Press Act, 1878
Arms Act, 1878
Nationalist view – Due to High rate of taxation purchasing power had reduced.
Government view – Drought is natural phenomena due to which people became poor
Ignored severe famine and organized durbar. Proclaimed Queen Victoria “The Empress of India”
Abolished tax on cotton for British traders
Maximum age to take up civil services exam lowered from 21 to 19
1880 – 1884
Was the most loved Governor-General
Repealed the controversial Arms and Vernacular press act
Set up Local self-governments – Panchayats and Municipal Boards due to which he was known as Father of Self Government
2 new universities opened – Punjab University 1884, Allahabad University 1887
Illbert Bill – Indian judge cannot try English Judge
Appointment of Hunter Commission
1884 – 1888
III Anglo-‐Burmese war (1885-‐1886)
Indian National Congress was founded in 1885
1888 – 1894
Indian Councils Act, 1892 (Indirect election was introduced for the first time)
Factory Act, 1891
Lord Elgin II
1894 – 1899
First British Officer called Rands was killed.
He was killed by Chapekar (Ramkrishna & Damodar) Brothers. This was the first political murder.
1899 – 1905
Indian Universities act – to control Indian Universities
Partition of Bengal
Lord Minto II
1905 – 1910
Lord Hardinge II
1910 – 1916
Transfer of Capital from Calcutta to Delhi
Hindu Mahasabha was established by Madan Mohan Malaviya
1916 – 1921
Home Rule League Movements
Rowlatt Act was passed
Montague – Chelmsford reform was passed
1921 – 1926
Swaraj Party was formed
Chauri – Chaura incident took place
1926 – 1931
Launch of civil disobedience movement and Dandi march
First round table conference was held
1931 – 1936
Second & Third Round Table Conference
Poona pact was signed
Communal award was started
1936 – 1944
Quit India movement
1944 – 1947
CR Formula 1944
Launch of Direct Action day
Wavell Plan & Shimla conference
June 3rd Plan
Last Viceroy and First Governor-General of free India
To know more about
governors-general of India, refer to the linked article.
Aspirants preparing for the upcoming civil services exam must not wait until the last minute to brush up on their preparation. The final touches to the preparation must be given before the
UPSC admit card is released and only revision must be left for last minute.
UPSC Exam preparation now and complement it with the information discussed about.
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List of Viceroys in India:- Download PDF Here
Frequently Asked Questions on Viceroys in India Q 1. Who was the first Viceroy of India?
Ans. Lord Canning was the first Viceroy of India. His tenure lasted for four years between 1858 to 1862.
Q 2. Who was the last Viceroy of India?
Ans. Lord Mountbatten was the last Viceroy of India. His tenure lasted between 1947 and 1948. He was also the first Governor-General of free India.