List of Viceroys in India

This article consists of the list of viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947. The title of viceroy was introduced post the battle of 1857. The British government witnesses the mismanagement by the East India company and therefore the government introduced a representative head titled as the Viceroy of India.

This is an important topic for the IAS exam.

Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947

Viceroy Tenure Achievement
Lord Canning 1858-1862
  • Abolished doctrine of lapse
Lord Lawrence 1864 – 1869
  • Establishment of High court in Calcutta, Madra during his reign.
  • Anglo-Bhutanese war
Lord Mayo 1869 – 1872
  • Financial Distribution between centre and state introduced for the first time
  • First Census in 1872
  • Mayo College for the royal elite was set up
  • Lord Mayo was the only Governor-General who was killed in India. He was killed by Sher Ali in Port Blair
Lord Northbrook 1872 – 1876
  • Civil Marriage and Arya Samaj marriage introduced
  • Universal Marriage Act introduced in 1872
  • Intercaste Marriage allowed
Lord Lytton 1876 – 1880
  • Vernacular Press Act, 1878
  • Arms Act, 1878
  • Nationalist view – Due to High rate of taxation purchasing power had reduced.
  • Government view – Drought is natural phenomena due to which people became poor
  • Ignored severe famine and organized durbar. Proclaimed Queen Victoria “The Empress of India”
  • Abolished tax on cotton for British traders
  • Maximum age to take up civil services exam lowered from 21 to 19
Lord Ripon 1880 – 1884
  • Was the most loved Governor General
  • Repealed the controversial Arms and Vernacular press act
  • Set up Local self governments – Panchayats and Municipal Boards due to which he was known as Father of Self Governement
  • 2 new universities opened – Punjab University 1884, Allahabad University 1887
  • Illbert Bill – Indian judge cannot try English Judge
Lord Dufferin 1884 – 1888
  • III Anglo-­‐Burmese war (1885-­‐1886)
  • Indian National Congress was founded in 1885
Lord Lansdowne 1888 – 1894 Indian Councils Act, 1892 (Indirect election was introduced for first time)
Lord Elgin 1894 – 1899
  • First British Officer called Rands was killed.
  • He was killed by Chapekar (Ramkrishna & Damodar) Brothers. This was the first political murder.
Lord Curzon 1899 – 1905
  • Indian Universities act – to control Indian Universities
  • Raleigh Commission
  • Partition of Bengal
Lord Minto 1905 – 1910
  • Morley – Minto reforms
Lord Hardinge 1910 – 1916
  • Mesopotamian Campaign
  • Home rule movement was launched
Lord Chelmsford 1916 – 1921
  • Rowlatt Act was passed
  • Montague – Chelmsford reform was passed
Lord Reading 1921 – 1926
  • Swaraj Party was formed
  • Chauri – Chaura incident took place
Lord Irwin 1926 – 1931
  • Launch of civil disobedience movement and Dandi march
  • First round table conference was held
Lord Willingdon 1931 – 1936
  • Poona pact was signed
  • Communal award was started
Lord Linlithgow 1936 – 1943
  • Cripps Mission
  • Quit India movement
Lord Wavell 1944 – 1947
  • Launch of Direct Action day
  • Wavell Plan & Shimla conference
Lord Mountbatten 1947
  • Last Viceroy and First governor-general of free India

To know more about governors-general of India, refer to the linked article.

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