The National Investigation Agency, NIA is an agency under the central government in India established to fight terrorism in the country. It is the central counter-terrorism law enforcement agency. The NIA has powers to tackle crimes associated with terrorism across all states without any prior authorization from the states. The NIA investigates and prosecutes those offences which are listed in the NIA Act which was passed by the Parliament in December 2008. The government has notified Special Courts to conduct trials of the cases that have been registered in the NIA police stations. The NIA functions under the Home Ministry and is currently headed by Director-General Sharad Kumar. It is headquartered in New Delhi.