Difference Between Censure and No-Confidence Motions

Censure and No-Confidence motions are two devices of parliamentary proceedings which are used by the members of Parliament to act according to the rules of the houses. Other than this similarity the two terms are different from each other.

A censure motion can be moved in the parliament or in a state assembly in India. It is moved by the opposition against a specific policy of the government or against a minister or against the whole council of ministers.

A No-Confidence expresses a lack of confidence in the current set up run by the Prime Minister and the council of ministers, if passed in the parliament, then the entire ministry will have to resign.

Difference Between Censure and No-Confidence Motions - UPSC Polity 2021

This article will further highlight the difference between censure and no-confidence motion for the IAS Exam

Aspirants can find more Difference Between Articles, by visiting the linked page

The differences between censure and no-confidence motions are given in the table below:                                                                        

Differences between Censure and No-Confidence Motion


No-Confidence Motion

The reasons for the adoption of a censure motion in the Lok Sabha must be stated No reasons for its adoption must be stated in the Lok Sabha
The censure motion can be passed against an individual minister, a group of ministers, or the entire council of ministers A no-confidence motion can be passed against the entire council of ministers only.
It is moved for censuring the council of ministers for specific policies and motions It is moved for ascertaining the confidence of the Lok Sabha in the council of ministers
No one from the council of ministers needs to resign if the motion is passed in the parliament If it is passed in the Lok Sabha the entire ministry including the prime minister must resign from office
Actions of individual members can only be censured  Article 75 of the Constitution of India states that the council of ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha as long as it enjoys the confidence of a majority of the members of the house.

Censure and no-confidence are important concepts in the polity segment of the UPSC 2023 exam. The following links will be of immense use to candidates in their exam preparation:

Difference Between Censure and No-Confidence Motion – Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions about Censure and No Confidence Motion


What is motion to censure?

The motion to censure is a main motion expressing a strong opinion of disapproval that could be debated by the assembly and adopted by a majority vote.

When is a no confidence motion passed in India?

In India, a motion of no confidence can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Parliament of India) and is admitted for discussion when at least 50 members support the motion (under Rule 198 of Lok Sabha Rules, 16th edition). If the motion carries, the house debates and votes on the motion.

Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Exams by visiting the UPSC Syllabus page. For more articles and exam-related preparation materials, refer to the links given in the table below:

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