Difference between Constitution and Law

The difference between the Constitution and Law is explained here in detail. This topic is important from the perspective of the Indian Polity Syllabus. The Constitution of a nation is the supreme law of the land. Law is a set of rules to govern social and governmental institutions, however there is no precise definition. There are many types of Laws. The difference between Constitution vs Law given here can help the UPSC Civil Service exam aspirants to understand the basics better and know their comparisons thoroughly.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

Difference between Constitution and Law – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Difference between Constitution and Law

The major difference between the Constitution and Law are:

Constitution Law
  1. The constitution is the Supreme Law of the land
  2. A Constitution is the set of fundamental laws that stipulates how a country should be governed.
  3. Government without the Constitution is a Government without power as per Thomas Paine.
  4. Constitution provides the basic principles of society
  5. The Constitution guarantees civil rights and civil liberties.
  6. The Constitution demarcates the authorities and powers of Legislative, Judiciary, and Executive.
  7. The Constitution is the fundamental law that establishes a system of government, defines the scope of Governmental Sovereign powers.
  8. The Constitution lays guidelines on how a country should be organized.
  9. A Constitution serves as the symbol of a nation.
  1. Law is commonly understood as a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate conduct.
  2. There is no precise definition of law.
  3. The meaning of the word “law” depends on the context in which that word is used.
  4. There are many different types of law – constitutional law, administrative law, criminal law, contract law, property law, Labour law, Immigration law, Laws on human rights, company law, intellectual property law, space law, tax law, banking law, Consumer law, Environmental law.
  5. Law is a system of rules which a Nation recognizes as regulating the actions of its citizens.
  6. Law of the land is enforced by the ruling bodies of a country.
  7. The laws of the land are influenced by morality.
  8. There will be punishments for people who violate the law of land.
  9. The type of punishment and duration of punishment for violation is given by the law of the land. 
  10. The main institutions of the law in a country are the courts, parliament, police, military, legal profession, bureaucratic organization, and the civil society itself.

These are the main differences between the Constitution and Law. The differences given in the above table can help the UPSC Civil Service Exam aspirants to answer any related questions easily in the exams.

After learning about the Constitution and Law difference, it is better to learn the Important Feature, Amendments of the Constitution of India, Important Articles in Indian Constitution, 13 Major Features of the Constitution of India, the Historical background of the Constitution of India, Sources of Indian Constitution, and Directive Principle of State Policy. Also learn about the Syllabus, Books, and important strategies for Law Optional subjects in the UPSC Civil Service Exam. Moreover, get a good understanding of the difference between Polity and Political Science, ethics and values, ethics, and morality. Visit the below-given links to learn about the Constitution of India in detail along with other information on Law Optional for UPSC Civil Service Exam and the difference between articles.

UPSC Civil Service Exam aspirants should diligently study the Indian Polity Notes for UPSC Civil Service Exam, as it is an extremely important component of the UPSC Civil Service Exam Syllabus.

Difference between Constitution and Law – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions about Constitution and Law


What is the relation between Constitution and Law?

Generally, constitutional law is the foundation of all law in a specific jurisdiction. It establishes governmental authority and power, as well as limitations and grants of rights. The Constitution of the United States established a system of government and serves as the primary source of law.

Why is the Constitution the highest law?

As a supreme or higher law, its provisions provide a framework under which all regulations, legislation, institutions, and procedures operate. It articulates the rights of citizens that institutions, procedures or legislation must not infringe, and which the state must strive to ensure.

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2023.

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