Difference between De Facto and De Jure

Difference between De Facto and De Jure is explained here in detail. 

  • In law and government, de facto describes practices that exist in reality, even though they are not officially recognized by laws. 
  • In law and government, de jure describes practices that are legally recognised, regardless of whether the practice exists in reality.

The difference between De Facto vs De Jure given here can help the UPSC Civil Service exam aspirants to understand the basics better and know their comparisons thoroughly.

Difference between De Facto and De Jure

The major differences between de facto and de jure are:

De Facto De Jure
Factual Recognition is known as De Facto Legal Recognition is known as De Jure
De Facto is temporary. It is not permanent like De Jure. It is a temporary and provisional recognition which can be withdrawn. De Jure which is a legal recognition is a permanent recognition and it cannot be withdrawn.
The recognition that is conferred by De Facto is based on a factual situation and is not a process of law. De Jure is a recognition given after following due procedure of law.
Diplomatic representatives are not exchanged. Diplomatic representatives are exchanged
State Succession rules do not apply in de facto Under De Jure, rules of state succession are applied.
De Facto Government cannot recover a state asset or public debt Only a de jure government can recover state assets or public debt.
Membership to the United Nations is not possible even if there is a de facto recognition by the majority of states. A state can get United Nations membership if the majority of nations bestows de jure recognition.
The State which receives De facto recognition will have 2 rival governments  The State which receives De Jure recognition has only 1 Government.

These are the main differences between De Facto and De Jure. The differences given in the above table can help the UPSC Civil Service Exam aspirants to answer any related questions easily in the exams.

After learning about the de facto and de jure difference, learn more about Law Optional subject for UPSC Civil Service Exam, and assimilate important tips for International Law Section.

Also, read the Important Indian Polity notes for UPSC Civil Service Exam. To further strengthen the preparation for the civil service exam, learn about the Constitution of India including the important features, amendments and preamble. Visit the below-given links to learn about the Law Optional for Civil Service Exam, Indian Polity Notes, and Constitution of India in detail along with other information.

Difference between De Facto and De Jure – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions about De Facto and De Jure

What country is an example of De Facto?

An example of something de facto is a rule that people always follow even though it is not an official procedure, a defacto procedure. An example of something de facto is a person who functions as a parent even though they are not related to the child, a defactor parent.

What is the difference between de jure and de facto method?

De facto means a state of affairs that is true in fact, but that is not officially sanctioned. In contrast, de jure means a state of affairs that is in accordance with law (i.e. that is officially sanctioned).

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2021.

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