Difference between De Facto and De Jure is explained here in detail.
- In law and government, de facto describes practices that exist in reality, even though they are not officially recognized by laws.
- In law and government, de jure describes practices that are legally recognised, regardless of whether the practice exists in reality.
The difference between De Facto vs De Jure given here can help the UPSC Civil Service exam aspirants to understand the basics better and know their comparisons thoroughly.
The major differences between de facto and de jure are:
|De Facto||De Jure|
|Factual Recognition is known as De Facto||Legal Recognition is known as De Jure|
|De Facto is temporary. It is not permanent like De Jure. It is a temporary and provisional recognition which can be withdrawn.||De Jure which is a legal recognition is a permanent recognition and it cannot be withdrawn.|
|The recognition that is conferred by De Facto is based on a factual situation and is not a process of law.||De Jure is a recognition given after following due procedure of law.|
|Diplomatic representatives are not exchanged.||Diplomatic representatives are exchanged|
|State Succession rules do not apply in de facto||Under De Jure, rules of state succession are applied.|
|De Facto Government cannot recover a state asset or public debt||Only a de jure government can recover state assets or public debt.|
|Membership to the United Nations is not possible even if there is a de facto recognition by the majority of states.||A state can get United Nations membership if the majority of nations bestows de jure recognition.|
|The State which receives De facto recognition will have 2 rival governments||The State which receives De Jure recognition has only 1 Government.|
These are the main differences between De Facto and De Jure. The differences given in the above table can help the UPSC Civil Service Exam aspirants to answer any related questions easily in the exams.
After learning about the de facto and de jure difference, learn more about Law Optional subject for UPSC Civil Service Exam, and assimilate important tips for International Law Section.
Also, read the Important Indian Polity notes for UPSC Civil Service Exam. To further strengthen the preparation for the civil service exam, learn about the Constitution of India including the important features, amendments and preamble. Visit the below-given links to learn about the Law Optional for Civil Service Exam, Indian Polity Notes, and Constitution of India in detail along with other information.
- UPSC Mains – Law Optional, Tips to Prepare for International Law Section
- Indian Polity Notes for UPSC Civil Service Exam
- Constitution of India – Features, Amendments, Preamble
- Difference between Constitution and Law
- Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
- Comprehensive List of Difference between Articles – Economics, Polity, History & more
Difference between De Facto and De Jure – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here
Frequently Asked Questions about De Facto and De Jure
What country is an example of De Facto?
What is the difference between de jure and de facto method?
The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2021.