Gist of Yojana March 2024 Issue: Art & Culture in Digital Age

Yojana Magazine is an important source of material for the UPSC exam. The monthly magazine provides details of major government schemes and programmes in various domains. Moreover, coming from the government, it is an authentic source of information for the UPSC Exam. Here, we provide the Gist of Yojana, exclusively for the IAS Exam.

Gist of Yojana March 2024
Download PDF Here


1. Traditional Art Forms in the Digital Age
2. Folk Art Reimagined Using Modern Techniques and Contexts
3. The Power of Art for Healing and Self-Expression
4. From 'Art with Intelligence' to 'Artificial Intelligence'
5. Impact of Digital Technology and Social Media on Art Museums

1. Traditional Art Forms in the Digital Age

Introduction to Art and Creativity:

  • Art is a manifestation of human creativity, evolving continuously over time.
  • Digital enhancement technology plays a crucial role in keeping artistic traditions aligned with the pace of human progress.

Preserving Cultural Traditions:

  • Artistic traditions form the cultural scaffold of civilizations, evolving alongside technological advancements.
  • To conserve, expand, and enhance cultural traditions, it’s essential to connect traditional art forms with the digital world.

Adoption of Digital Techniques:

  • Many artists across various disciplines, including sculptors, painters, writers, and architects, are increasingly adopting digital interfaces and tools.
  • Digital art offers benefits such as design innovation, increased access, convenience, instant sharing, and wider recognition.

Scope for Innovation:

  • Digitization allows for diverse experimentation and spontaneity, enabling the blending of different artistic disciplines.
  • Through interactive multimedia elements, virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), and other cutting-edge concepts, artists can create unique and imaginative outcomes.

Balancing Tradition and Technology:

  • Traditional art forms embody authenticity, craftsmanship, and human touch, evoking a timeless aesthetic appeal.
  • While some traditional artists may resist digital tools due to various reasons, there’s recognition of the invaluable role they play in preserving art forms.

Enhancing Performing Arts:

  • Digitization plays a supportive role in promoting performing arts through online platforms, social media campaigns, and digital media campaigns.
  • The digital world offers avenues for creating better reach, awareness, and responsiveness for performing artists and their audiences.

Challenges and Counter-Effects:

  • While digitization offers significant benefits, there’s a need to maintain a balance and ensure that technology enhances rather than replaces human creativity.
  • The absence of filters in digital media can sometimes lead to non-artistic experimentation and controversial statements.


  • Hybridizing traditional art forms with digital techniques can harness the benefits of technology while preserving the essence of human creativity.
  • The key is to utilize digitization to enhance artistic expression and cultural preservation, ensuring a harmonious integration of tradition and technology.

2. Folk Art Reimagined Using Modern Techniques and Contexts

Introduction to Art and Connectivity:

  • Art serves as a means of connecting with our deepest selves and expressing the inexpressible, drawing inspiration from Bharat Muni’s Rasa theory.
  • Digitization and artificial intelligence are revolutionizing every aspect of life, including traditional folk art forms in India.

Preserving Cultural Identity Amidst Technological Change:

  • Folk art forms play a crucial role in preserving unique customs and fostering communal cohesion, contributing to the cultural identity of communities.
  • Adapting to technological advancements while preserving the authenticity of folk art poses significant challenges.

Evolution and Adaptability of Folk Art:

  • Unlike classical art forms, folk arts exhibit dynamic and adaptable characteristics, responding to contemporary influences and trends.
  • Globalization and digital platforms are expanding the reach of folk art while also presenting challenges of mutation and dilution of the original essence.

Transformative Power of Traditional Performing Arts:

  • Traditional performing arts have the power to elevate audience consciousness and connect them with themselves, offering a transformative experience.
  • Concerns arise about whether virtual performances can convey the nuanced expressions felt physically during live performances.

Concerns and Considerations for Digital Transition:

  • Transitioning folk art to the digital realm provides opportunities for preservation and broader audience reach but raises concerns about authenticity and depth.
  • There is a risk of reducing folk art to computational algorithms and standardization, erasing the nuances and cultural significance of traditional forms.

Balancing Innovation and Preservation:

  • Preserving the integrity of folk art in the digital age requires a delicate balance between innovation and preservation.
  • Collaborative efforts between technologists and traditional artists are essential to ensure that digital adaptations retain the genuineness and richness of their traditional counterparts.


  • Navigating the transition of folk art into the digital realm requires careful consideration of cultural heritage and technological innovation.
  • Striking a balance between innovation and preservation will ensure that folk art forms thrive in the digital age while maintaining their essence and authenticity.

3. The Power of Art for Healing and Self-Expression


  • Art is a unique form of human expression that allows individuals to explore their inner worlds and connect with others.
  • It serves as a therapeutic tool for healing and self-expression, offering a non-verbal means of communication.

Art Therapy:

  • Art therapy utilizes the cathartic power of artistic expression to facilitate healing.
  • Through integrative methods, it engages the mind, body, and spirit in ways distinct from verbal articulation alone.
  • Therapists guide clients to create art that addresses their emotional issues, promoting self-awareness and transformation.

Children and Art:

  • Children often find it easier to express emotions through art rather than words.
  • Art therapy helps children deal with emotional issues and provides insights into their thoughts and experiences.
  • Art offers a non-judgmental space for children to explore and communicate their inner worlds.

Art for Persons with Special Needs:

  • Art provides individuals with special needs a means of self-expression and empowerment.
  • It allows them to communicate experiences and emotions that may be difficult to express verbally.
  • Art therapy helps improve cognitive function, sensory motor skills, and emotional regulation in individuals with special needs.

Benefits of Art as Therapy:

  • Aid to Expression: Art helps individuals visualize and analyze their emotions, facilitating the healing process.
  • Building Confidence: The non-judgmental nature of art promotes a sense of control and confidence in individuals.
  • Improving Motor Skills and Cognitive Capacity: Engaging in art promotes cognitive development and emotional regulation.
  • Creative Outlet: Artistic expression fosters creativity and constructive self-expression.

Considerations in Art Therapy:

  • Choice and Comfort: Individuals must feel safe and comfortable during art therapy sessions to fully benefit from the process.
  • Avoiding Compulsion: Forcing individuals into art can hinder the healing process and lead to anxiety.
  • Safe and Non-Judgmental Environment: Art therapy sessions should provide a supportive space for individuals to explore their emotions.


  • Art therapy offers a powerful means of healing and self-expression for individuals of all ages and abilities.
  • Through artistic expression, individuals can explore and communicate their inner worlds in a safe and supportive environment.
  • It promotes self-awareness, confidence, and emotional regulation, leading to holistic healing and personal growth.

4. From ‘Art with Intelligence’ to ‘Artificial Intelligence’


  • The digital era has revolutionized artistic expression, with innovations like artificial intelligence (AI) enhancing creativity and accessibility.
  • Throughout history, art and intelligence have been intertwined, evidenced by ancient civilizations’ remarkable technological advancements.

Historical Examples of Art with Intelligence:

  • Early humans demonstrated intelligence through various art forms, such as cave paintings and metallurgy, showcasing advanced technologies like intercropping and alloying.
  • Civilizations like the Harappan and those in the Ganga Valley displayed remarkable advancements in urban planning, metallurgy, and architecture, exemplifying artistry coupled with intelligence.

Impact of Digital Technology on Art:

  • Digital technology has transformed traditional art forms, leading to the emergence of digital painting, graphic design, animation, and interactive media.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the adoption of digital formats for cultural institutions, leading to virtual museums, exhibitions, and performances.

Opportunities and Challenges in the Digital Era:

  • Digital platforms offer opportunities for artists to reach a wider audience, collaborate globally, and preserve cultural heritage through digitization.
  • However, digital art creation requires proficiency in digital tools, leading to barriers for some artists, while issues like trust, authenticity, and data privacy pose challenges.

Transformation of Art Forms in the Digital Era:

  • Visual Art: Digital technology enables the creation of visual art with greater ease and flexibility, expanding creative possibilities.
  • Painting: Digital painting allows for experimentation and exploration of abstract concepts, enhancing artistic expression.
  • Sculpture: 3D techniques and projection technology contribute to the creation of digital sculptures with intricate details.
  • Architecture: Digital technology aids in exploration, excavation, and design processes, revolutionizing architectural practices.
  • Performing Art: Digital innovations enhance experiences in dance, music, and cinematography, offering new creative avenues for artists.


  • The digital era has democratized art, making it more accessible and diverse while presenting challenges like copyright infringement and digital rights.
  • While digital technology enhances artistic expression, it also raises questions about authenticity and the impact of technology on cultural identity.
  • Striking a balance between traditional and digital art forms is essential to preserve the integrity and authenticity of artistic expression in the digital age.

In essence, the integration of digital technology into art has ushered in a new era of creativity and accessibility, but it also requires careful consideration of ethical and cultural implications to ensure the integrity of artistic expression.

5. Impact of Digital Technology and Social Media on Art Museums


  • Art museums play a vital role in preserving cultural heritage and educating the public about art history and traditions.
  • With the advent of digital technology and social media, art museums are leveraging these tools to enhance their presence and relevance in the 21st century.

Art Museums in India:

  • India boasts numerous art museums showcasing its rich cultural heritage, including the National Museum, NGMA, Salar Jung Museum, and others.
  • These museums house diverse collections of art and artefacts, offering unique perspectives on India’s artistic heritage.

The Story of the Salar Jung Museum:

  • The Salar Jung Museum in Hyderabad originated from the private collection of Nawab Mir Yousuf Ali Khan, known as Salar Jung III, who had a passion for art.
  • After his passing, his family donated the vast collection to the nation, leading to the establishment of the museum in 1951.
  • Today, the museum houses around 46,000 artefacts and is renowned as one of the largest single-man collections globally.

Digitisation in Art Museums:

  • Art museums are increasingly digitising their collections to make them more accessible to a wider audience.
  • The Salar Jung Museum has embraced digitisation, with its artefacts and rare books being digitised, and the implementation of RFID technology in its library.
  • The museum has a strong digital presence through its website, online exhibitions, and partnerships with platforms like Google Arts & Culture.

Social Media’s Role:

  • Social media platforms provide museums with tools to connect with audiences, share stories, and promote events.
  • Museums use platforms like Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook to engage audiences, build communities, and enhance visibility.
  • However, museums face challenges such as competition, content creation, accessibility, and measuring effectiveness in their social media efforts.

Challenges Faced by Art Museums:

  • Museums encounter challenges in standing out in the crowded social media space, creating engaging content, ensuring accessibility, and measuring the impact of their efforts.
  • Nevertheless, they are adapting to new platforms, leveraging live video for virtual tours, collaborating with influencers, and staying informed about emerging trends.


  • Art museums are embracing digital technology and social media to expand their reach, engage audiences, and promote cultural heritage.
  • Despite challenges, museums are finding innovative ways to leverage digital tools to enhance the visitor experience and foster appreciation for art and culture.

In summary, the integration of digital technology and social media has transformed the landscape of art museums, allowing them to connect with audiences in new and meaningful ways while preserving and promoting cultural heritage for future generations.

Related Links
National Mission for Manuscripts Mongolian Kanjur
Art and culture notes for UPSC Digital India
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India Mahabalipuram: An Architectural Extravaganza


Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.