India witnessed a proud moment on February 5, 2020, as the city of Jaipur enters the UNESCO World heritage sites in India list in the Cultural category. The award event took place in Albert Hall, Jaipur, Rajasthan. UNESCO Director conferred the World Heritage City certificate to Minister of Urban Development Shanti Dhariwal.
- Chinese President Xi Jinping has been to Mahabalipuram in Chennai and PM Modi accompanied him to some of the UNESCO’s World Heritage sites in the southern state.
- An online portal, namely Indian Culture Portal was launched on 10th December, 2019 to showcase information about the rich cultural heritage of India across the globe.
Important for static portion of IAS Exam, UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India should be known to UPSC aspirants.
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UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India
UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization as of distinctive cultural or physical importance which is considered of outstanding value to humanity. UNESCO strives to encourage the conservation, identification, and maintenance of natural and cultural heritage around the world. This is exemplified the Convention regarding the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, accepted by UNESCO in 1972.
The World Heritage sites come under static GK in the UPSC exam. Candidates preparing for the UPSC exam or any other competitive exam can check more articles on Static Gk topics on the linked page.
UNESCO Natural World Heritage Sites
UNESCO Natural World Heritage sites are those sites with distinctive cultural facets such as geological formations, physical, biological and cultural landscapes.
The list of UNESCO Natural World Heritage sites in India is given below:
|Natural World Heritage Site||State||Year of Notification|
|Kaziranga National Park||Assam||1985|
|Keoladeo Ghana National Park||Rajasthan||1985|
|Manas Wildlife Sanctuary||Assam||1985|
|Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers||Uttarakhand||1988|
|Sundarbans National Park||West Bengal||1987|
Tamil Nadu and
|Great Himalayan National Park||Himachal Pradesh||2014|
List of Natural World Heritage sites in India:- Download PDF Here
UNESCO Cultural World Heritage Sites
UNESCO Cultural World Heritage sites are those sites with unique cultural facets such as Paintings, monuments, architecture, etc.
The list of UNESCO Cultural World Heritage sites in India is given below:
|Cultural World Heritage Site||State||Year of Notification|
|The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement||Chandigarh||2016|
|Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai||Maharashtra||2018|
|Historic City of Ahmedabad||Gujarat||2017|
|Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University)||Bihar||2016|
|Hill Forts of Rajasthan||Rajasthan||2013|
|The Jantar Mantar||Rajasthan||2010|
|Red Fort Complex||Delhi||2007|
|Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park||Gujarat||2004|
|Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus||Maharashtra||2004|
|Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka||Madhya Pradesh||2003|
|Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya||Bihar||2002|
|Mountain Railways of India||Tamil Nadu||1999|
|Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi||Delhi||1993|
|Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi||Delhi||1993|
|Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi||Madhya Pradesh||1989|
|Great Living Chola Temples||Tamil Nadu||1987|
|Group of Monuments at Pattadakal||Karnataka||1987|
|Churches and Convents of Goa||Goa||1986|
|Fatehpur Sikri||Uttar Pradesh||1986|
|Group of Monuments at Hampi||Karnataka||1986|
|Khajuraho Group of Monuments||Madhya Pradesh||1986|
|Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram||Tamil Nadu||1984|
|Sun Temple, Konarak||Orissa||1984|
|Agra Fort||Uttar Pradesh||1983|
|Taj Mahal||Uttar Pradesh||1983|
List of Cultural World Heritage sites in India:- Download PDF Here
UNESCO Mixed World Heritage Sites
A mixed site comprises components of both natural and cultural importance:
|Mixed World Heritage Site||State||Year of Notification|
|Khangchendzonga National Park||Sikkim||2016|
|GI Tags in India||List of National Parks in India||Major Ports in India||UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritages from India|
|Natural Vegetation in India||Major River Systems in India||Important Lakes in India||UNESCO Protected Biosphere Reserves List|