UPSC IAS Prelims Exam: UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is recognized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization as of distinctive cultural or physical importance which is considered of outstanding value to humanity. UNESCO strives to encourage the conservation, identification, and maintenance of natural and cultural heritage around the world. This is exemplified the Convention regarding the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, accepted by UNESCO in 1972.

UNESCO Natural World Heritage Sites

UNESCO Natural World Heritage sites are those sites with distinctive cultural facets such as geological formations, physical, biological and cultural landscapes.

 

Natural World Heritage Site

State

Year of Notification

Kaziranga National Park

Assam

1985

Keoladeo Ghana National Park

Rajasthan

1985

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

Assam

1985

Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers

Uttarakhand

1982

2005

Sundarbans National Park

West Bengal

1984

Western Ghats

Maharashtra,

Goa,

Karnataka,

Tamil Nadu and

Kerala

2012

Great Himalayan National Park

Himachal Pradesh

2014

 

UNESCO Cultural World Heritage Sites

UNESCO Cultural World Heritage sites are those sites with unique cultural facets such as Paintings, monuments, architecture etc.

 

Cultural World Heritage Site

State

Year of Notification

Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University)

Bihar

2016

Rani-Ki-Van

Gujarat

2014

Hill Forts of Rajasthan

Rajasthan

2013

The Jantar Mantar

Rajasthan

2010

Red Fort Complex

Delhi

2007

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park

Gujarat

2004

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Maharashtra

2004

Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka

Madhya Pradesh

2003

Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

Bihar

2002

Mountain Railways of India

Tamil Nadu

1999

Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi

Delhi

1993

Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi

Delhi

1993

Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi

Madhya Pradesh

1989

Elephanta Caves

Maharashtra

1987

Great Living Chola Temples

Tamil Nadu

1987

Group of Monuments at Pattadakal

Karnataka

1987

Churches and Convents of Goa

Goa

1986

Fatehpur Sikri

Uttar Pradesh

1986

Group of Monuments at Hampi

Karnataka

1986

Khajuraho Group of Monuments

Madhya Pradesh

1986

Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram

Tamil Nadu

1984

Sun Temple, Konarak

Orissa

1984

Agra Fort

Uttar Pradesh

1983

Ajanta Caves

Maharashtra

1983

Ellora Caves

Maharashtra

1983

Taj Mahal

Uttar Pradesh

1983

 

UNESCO Mixed World Heritage Sites

A mixed site comprises components of both natural and cultural importance.

Name of Mixed World Heritage Site

State

Year of Notification

Khangchendzonga National Park

Sikkim

2016

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