Tips to Tackle the Compulsory Indian Language Paper in UPSC Mains

UPSC compulsory Indian language paper/Compulsory language paper UPSC/Indian language for paper A in UPSC

Tips to tackle the compulsory Indian language paper in UPSC civil services mains

“Knowledge of languages is the doorway to wisdom.”    –  Roger Bacon, English philosopher

The UPSC civil services mains exam comprises of nine papers out of the compulsory Indian language paper is called Paper A. This paper is qualifying in nature and the marks obtained in it do not count in the final ranking. But you must clear this paper. You can pass in this paper by getting at least 30% of the total, i.e., 90 out of 300 marks. The other 8 papers in the UPSC civil services pattern are GS papers 1, 2, 3, 4; Optional papers 1, 2; English and Essay papers.

Total marks for Paper A – 300

Number of hours – 3 hours

 

If you do not clear this paper, the UPSC will not disclose your marks in the GS, optional and essay paper. So, all your hard work will go in vain if you take the language paper lightly. You will also not know where you stand in terms of your other papers.

Below is a list of the languages (included in the eighth schedule of the Indian constitution) you can choose from for the UPSC language paper:

Language

Script

Assamese

Assamese

Bengali

Bengali

Gujarati

Gujarati

Hindi

Devanagari

Kannada

Kannada

Kashmiri

Persian

Konkani

Devanagari

Malayalam

Malayalam

Manipuri

Bengali

Marathi

Devanagari

Nepali

Devanagari

Odia

Odia

Punjabi

Gurmukhi

Sanskrit

Devanagari

Sindhi

Devanagari or Arabic

Tamil

Tamil

Telugu

Telugu

Urdu

Persian

Bodo

Devanagari

Dogri

Devanagari

Maithili

Devanagari

Santhali

Devanagari or Olchiki *

 

*For Santhali language, the question paper will be in Devanagari script; but candidates will be free to answer either in Devanagari script or in Olchiki.

Important note: Paper A is not compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.

 

Paper structure for Paper A in UPSC Mains

  1. Essay writing for 100 marks
  2. Reading comprehension for 60 marks
  3. Précis writing for 60 marks
  4. Translation:

a) Translating English to the compulsory language chosen for 20 marks

b) Translating the Compulsory Indian language to English for 20 marks

            5. Usage of grammar and basic language for 40 marks

It is important to solve previous year UPSC question papers so that you can get a feel of the UPSC papers.

Preparing for the UPSC Indian language paper

  • The questions asked are of matriculation or equivalent standards.
  • You should prepare for the language paper without compromising on your core subjects preparation as you only need to clear it.
  • Select your language wisely. It is recommended that you select the language that you learnt at school and have some grip over.
  • CBSE school level books (Std. X) will be sufficient for this paper. Revise your school language and basic grammar lessons. Go through the UPSC syllabus.
  • Apart from your regular newspaper, read a newspaper in the language that you have opted for at least 15 minutes every day. This will familiarise you with the subtleties of the language. It will also give you the modern method of writing in the language.
  • Write and practice. If you have not been writing in the regional language after your schooling, writing practice is imperative. You should have common spellings and punctuation at the tip of your fingers.
  • Practicing question papers also enhances your writing speed.
  • Practice translating from English to the regional language and vice versa.
  • Handwriting should be legible and neat; if it is not so, please work on it by practicing tips to improve handwriting for IAS mains exam.

Tips for writing the UPSC Indian language paper

  • Read the question paper properly first.
  • Solve those questions in which you are confident and comfortable. If your grammar skills are good, you are advised to complete the questions on grammar first.
  • If grammar is not your forte, answer the comprehension passage first. This is usually simpler because you can spot the answers in the passage in the question itself.
  • For the essay question, opt for simple but effective language. Try the essay question at the end with at least forty minutes to spare. Once you are finished with the other sections, you will have developed enough ‘flow’ to pen your essay. Therefore, you should not waste time to write an elaborate essay in the beginning of your paper.
  • Avoid spelling mistakes and grammatical errors.
  • Follow the following rule when you attempt the question on translation:
  1. If you are better in English than in the Indian language you should do the Indian language to English translation first.
  2. Conversly, if you are more comfortable in the Indian language as compared to English, you should attempt the translation from English to the vernacular first.

The other language paper is the compulsory English language paper, which also requires certain special focus. There are a few tips to tackle the Compulsory English Paper in UPSC Civil Services Exam following which you can walk over the paper with ease.