List of Languages in the 8th Schedule

Eighth Schedule languages for UPSC

Polity is a significant subject in UPSC IAS Examination. Even after clearing exam also the subject polity has a great significance in the life of bureaucrats. Here we are giving the details of Languages in the Eighth Schedule. The Constitutional provisions relating to the 8th Schedule are in articles 344(1) and 351 of the Indian Constitution.

Article 344- Committee and Commission of Parliament on official language

Article 344(1) provides for the establishment of a Commission by the President on the expiration of 5 years from the commencement of the Constitution and afterward at the expiration of 10 years from such commencement.

It should comprise of a Chairman and other members representing the various languages specified in the 8th Schedule to make recommendations to the President for the dynamic use of Hindi for official purposes of the Government of India.

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Article 351

The duty of the Union to encourage the spread of the Hindi language to advance it so that it may serve as a medium of communication for all the components of the composite culture of India and to safeguard its enhancement by integrating without interfering with its genius, style and expressions used in Hindustani and in the other languages of India specified in the 8th Schedule, and by drawing, anywhere essential or required, for its terminology, mainly, on Sanskrit and secondarily on other languages.

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Year of recognition

Language

Spoken in

1950

Assamese

Assam

1950

Bengali

West Bengal

1950

Gujarati

Gujarat

1950

Hindi

North Indian States

1950

Kashmiri

Jammu and Kashmir

1950

Kannada

Karnataka

1950

Malayalam

Kerala

1950

Marathi

Maharashtra

1950

Odia

Odisha

1950

Punjabi

Punjab

Chandigarh

1950

Sanskrit

1950

Tamil

Tamilnadu

Puducherry

1950

Telugu

Andhra Pradesh

Telangana

1950

Urdu

Northern India

1967

Sindhi

Dispersed in Gujarat

Rajasthan

Maharashtra

1992

Konkani

Goa

Parts of Karnataka

1992

Manipuri

Manipur

1992

Nepali

Sikkim

Parts of West Bengal

2003

Bodo

West Bengal

Assam

2003

Dogri

Himachal Pradesh

Jammu and Kashmir

2003

Maithili

Parts of Bihar

2003

Santhali

Spoken by Santhal tribe in Jharkhand, West Bengal  and Bihar

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