There are 22 official languages in India and they are covered under the 8th schedule of the Indian Constitution. Schedules in the constitution are important for aspirants to learn for IAS Exam and 8th schedule is one of these. This article will discuss the topic, ‘8th schedule of Indian Constitution,’ which is an important one from UPSC Polity syllabus.
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Articles related to 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution
There are a total of 12 Schedules in the Indian Constitution and each one is important. The Constitutional provisions relating to the 8th Schedule are in articles 344(1) and 351 of the Indian Constitution:
|8th Schedule of Indian Constitution and the Articles related to it|
|Article 344||Committee and Commission of Parliament on official language|
|Article 351||The duty of the Union to encourage the spread of the Hindi language to advance it so that it may serve as a medium of communication for all the components of the composite culture of India and to safeguard its enhancement by integrating without interfering with its genius, style and expressions used in Hindustani and in the other languages of India specified in the 8th Schedule, and by drawing, anywhere essential or required, for its terminology, mainly, on Sanskrit and secondarily on other languages.|
To read more important articles in the Indian Constitution, follow the linked article.
Schedule 8 of the Indian Constitution – 22 Official Languages
Initially, there were 14 official languages. Now, there are 22 official languages in the 8th schedule of the Indian constitution. Check the list of languages below:
|Language||Spoken in Indian State of||Year of Recognition|
|Kashmiri||Jammu & Kashmir||1950|
|Sanskrit||Karnataka (Shivamogga District)||1950|
|Telugu||Andhra Pradesh, Telangana||1950|
|Urdu||Jammu & Kashmir, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh||1950|
|Sindhi||Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh||1967|
|Nepali||Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh||1992|
|Bodo||Assam and Meghalaya||2004|
|Dogri||Jammu and Himachal Pradesh||2004|
|Maithili||Bihar and Jharkhand||2004|
|Santhali||West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha||2004|
For more details on the scheduled languages in India, aspirants can refer to the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs’ Department of Official Language Website (https://rajbhasha.gov.in/en/languages-included-eighth-schedule-indian-constitution.)
Learning about 22 languages that are officially a part of the Indian Constitution is important for UPSC 2020 aspirants. You should know about the year of recognition and the chronology of the languages under the 8th schedule of the Indian Constitution so as to answer questions asked in UPSC Prelims.
Aspirants reading, ‘8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution,’ can also read similar Polity topics linked in the table below:
Frequently Asked Questions on 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution
Q 1. What is the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution?
Q 2. Why English is not included in the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution?