UPSC IAS Exam: Important Amendments in Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India under Article 368 of the Constitution of India provided the powers of Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedures. The Constitution of India is neither flexible nor rigid enough but it is a synthesis of both. So, under Article 368 provided the powers of Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedures but cannot amend those provisions which form the basic structure of the Constitution.

Important amendments of the Indian Constitution for UPSC

Amendment Act

Newly added, removed and Amended Articles/Scheduled/Parts

Amendments

7th Amendment Act 1956

Article 1

Article 3

Article 49

Article 80

Article 81

Article 82

Article 131

Article 153

Article 158

Article 168

Article 170

Article 171

Article 216

Article 217

Article 220

Article 222

Article 224

Article 230

Article 231

Article 232

Part VIII

First, Second, Fourth and Seventh Schedules of Indian Constitution

 

Reorganisation of states on linguistic basis

Abolition of Class A, B, C and D states

Introduction of Union Territories

 

9th Amendment Act, 1960

Schedule 1 of Indian Constitution

Adjustments to Indian Territory as a result of an agreement with Pakistan.

10th Amendment Act,  1961

Article 240

First Schedule

Dadra, Nagar, and Haveli incorporated in the Union of Indian as a Union Territory

12th Amendment Act 1961

Article 240

First Schedule

 

Goa, Daman and Diu incorporated in the Indian Union as a Union Territory

13th Amendment Act, 1963

Article 170

Added new article 371A

Nagaland was formed with special status under Article 371A

14th Amendment Act, 1962

Articles 81 and 240

First and fourth Schedules

Added Article 239A

 

Pondicherry incorporated into the Indian Union

21st Amendment Act, 1967

Eighth Schedule

Sindhi language was language into 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution

26th Amendment Act 1971

Article 366

Added Article 363A

Removed Articles 291 and 362

Privy Purse was abolished.

36th Amendment Act 40th Amendment Act 1975

Articles 80 and 81

First and fourth Schedules

Added Article 371F

Removed Article 2A

 

Sikkim incorporated as an Indian state

42nd Amendment Act 1976

Article 31

Article 31C

Article 39

Article 55

Article 74

Article 77

Article 81

Article 82

Article 83

Article 100

Article 102

Article 103

Article 105

Article 118

Article 145

Article 150

Article 166

Article 170

Article 172

Article 189

Article 191

Article 192

Article 194

Article 208

Article 217

Article 225

Article 226

Article 227

Article 228

Article 311

Article 312

Article 330

Article 352

Article 353

Article 356

Article 357

Article 358

Article 359

Article 366

Article 368

Article 371F

Seventh Schedule

 

Added Articles 31D, 32A, 39A, 43A, 48A, 131A, 139A, 144A, 226A, 228A and 257A

 

Added Parts IVA and XIVA

 

 

Fundamental Duties prescribed, India became Socialist Secular Republic

44th Amendment Act 1978

Article19

Article 22

Article 30

Article 31A

Article 31C

Article 38

Article 71

Article 74

Article 77

Article 83

Article 103

Article 105

Article 123

Article 132

Article 133

Article 134

Article 139A

Article 150

Article 166

Article 172

Article 192

Article 194

Article 213

Article 217

Article 225

Article 226

Article 227

Article 239B

Article 329

Article 352

Article 356

Article 358

Article 359

Article 360

Article 371F

 

Ninth Schedule

 

Added Articles 134A and 361A

 

Deletion of Articles 31, 257A and 329A

 

 

Right to Property removed from the list of fundamental rights

61st Amendment Act 1989

Article 326

Voting age decreased from 21 to 18.

71st Amendment Act 1992

Article 332

Manipuri, Konkani, and Nepali were added in the 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution

73rd Amendment Act 1992

Added Part IX

Introduction of Panchayat Raj

Addition of Part IX to the Indian Constitution

74th Amendment Act  1992

Article 280 Article 280

Added Part IXA

 

Introduction of Municipalities and Nagarpalikas

86th Amendment Act 2002

Amended Articles 45 and 51A

Added Article 21A

Free and compulsory education to children between 6 and 14 years

87th Amendment Act 2003

Eighth Schedule

Santhali, Bodo, Dogri, and Maithili in the 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution

 Service Tax introduced.

95th Amendment Act 2010

Article 334

Extension of reservation of seats for SC/ST

Nomination of Anglo-Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies

96th Amendment Act 2011

Eighth Schedule

Replaced Odia for Oriya in the 8th Schedule to the Indian Constitution

97th Amendment Act 2012

 Articles 19

Added Part IXB

Introduction of Part IXB in the Constitution of India relating to Co-operative Societies

100th Amendment Act 2015

Amendment of First Schedule

Exchange of some enclave territories with Bangladesh

Conferment of citizenship rights to citizens of enclave’s resulting to signing of Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) Treaty between India and Bangladesh.

101th Amendment Act 2016

Article 248

Article 249

Article 250

Article 268

Article 269

Article 270

Article 271

Article 286

Article 366

Article 368

Amended Sixth Schedule and Seventh Schedule

Deletion of Article 268A

Introduction of Goods and Services Tax (GST)

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