Important Amendments in Indian Constitution - UPSC Indian Polity Notes
How many amendments are there in the Indian Constitution? There are 104 amendment acts as of December 2021 that are made in the Indian Constitution over time. All these amendments have brought significant changes in the course of Indian Polity. The topic, ‘Important Amendments in Indian Constitution,’ comes under the GS-II syllabus of the IAS Exam. Get the list of major amendments to the Indian Constitution in this article.
Candidates can also complement their Indian Polity preparation for UPSC Exam with the following related articles:
A new Part-IX and 11th Schedule were added in the Indian Constitution to recognize Panchayati Raj Institutions and provisions related to them
74th Amendment Act, 1992
Urban local bodies were granted constitutional status
A new Part IX-A and 12th Schedule were added to the Indian Constitution
86th Amendment Act, 2002
Elementary Education was made a fundamental right – Free and compulsory education to children between 6 and 14 years
A new Fundamental Duty under Article 51 A was added – “It shall be the duty of every citizen of India who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years”
Provision of Service Tax was made under Article 268-A – Service tax levied by Union and collected and appropriated by the Union and the States
92nd Amendment Act, 2003
Bodo, Dogri (Dongri), Maithili and Santhali were added in the Eighth schedule
Total official languages were increased from 18 to 22
95th Amendment Act, 2009
Extended the reservation of seats for the SCs and STs and special representation for the Anglo-Indians in the Lok Sabha and the state legislative assemblies for a further period of ten years i.e., up to 2020 (Article 334).
97th Amendment Act, 2011
Co-operative Societies were granted constitutional status:
Right to form cooperative societies made a fundamental right (Article 19)
A new Directive Principle of State Policy ( Article 43-B) to promote cooperative societies
A new part IX-B was added in the constitution for cooperative societies
100th Amendment Act, 2015
To pursue land boundary agreement 1974 between India and Bangladesh, exchange of some enclave territories with Bangladesh mentioned
Provisions relating to the territories of four states (Assam, West Bengal, Meghalaya) in the first schedule of the Indian Constitution, amended.
101st Amendment Act, 2016
Goods and Service Tax (GST) was introduced. Read more about GST in the linked article.
102nd Amendment Act, 2018
Constitutional Status was granted to National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC)
103rd Amendment Act, 2019
A maximum of 10% Reservation for Economically Weaker Sections of citizens of classes other than the classes mentioned in clauses (4) and (5) of Article 15, i.e. Classes other than socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
IAS Exam aspirants might want to learn about EWS Criteria for UPSC which they can check in the linked article.
104th Amendment Act, 2020
Extended the deadline for the cessation of seats for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and states assemblies from Seventy years to Eighty. Removed the reserved seats for the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies.
The topic, ‘Important Amendments in Indian Constitution’ is important for UPSC Polity subject which you may check in the linked article.
Aspirants must remember that Polity constitutes an integral part of the IAS Syllabus, be it for the prelims exam or the mains phase. Thus, candidates must focus on the topics included under this section.
UPSC Questions related to Important Amendments in the Indian Constitution
What is the latest amendment in the Indian Constitution?
104th Amendment Act of 2020 brought the latest amendment in the Constitution of India. It increased the deadline of reservation of SCs and STs seats in Lok Sabha and state assemblies by 10 years.
What is the 122nd amendment bill to the Indian Constitution?
What is the procedure for amending the Indian Constitution?
The amendment procedure varies depending on the types of changes required in the Indian Constitution.
Which provision given below can be amended by a simple majority of the parliament?
Election of President & its manner
Representation of states in Parliament
The process of amendment of the Indian Constitution is taken from which of the following countries?
Which of the following Constitutional Amendment Act amended the age of voting from 21 to 18?
In which Constitutional Amendment Act, Sikkim was made an associate-State with Indian Union?
35th Amendment Act 1974
43rd Amendment Act 1977
56th Amendment Act 1987
57th Amendment Act 1987
Which article of the Constitution of India safeguards one’s right to marry the person of one’s choice?
Which of the following is true about the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976?
Precedence to directive principles over fundamental rights
Fundamental duties are included
Constitutional amendment should not be questioned in any court
All of the above
IAS aspirants preparing for UPSC 2022, may also check the linked article to know more about the upcoming examination and prepare for the civil services examination accordingly.
Polity has increased the overall scores of candidates in the past as well. This has also been stated by many toppers from the past. Aspirants must got through the success stories and the IAS toppers list to get motivated and excel in the upcoming recruitment.
UPSC candidates can check important articles that are relevant to the CSE exam in the table below: