Current Context: In May 2020, the Government of India had announced the integration of 38 new Mandis with e-National Agriculture Market (e-NAM). With the addition of these 38 Mandis the total tally of Mandis reached the milestone of 1000 spanning across 18 states and 3 Union Territories.
With the e-NAM being in the news, it becomes important for the IAS Exam candidates to know the following for prelims and mains:
- What is the full form of e-NAM?
- What is the role of the Agriculture Produce Market Committee? (APMC)
- How does e-NAM operate?
- What is the role of e-NAM in the agriculture market?
This article will answer all of the above questions. Meanwhile, candidates can also check Agriculture preparation related articles for UPSC preparation:
|Agriculture Questions of GS 3 in UPSC Mains||Agriculture Optional Syllabus for UPSC|
|Agriculture in India||Zero Budget Natural Farming|
What is e-NAM?
e-NAM or the e-trading platform (online trading portal) for the National Agriculture Market (NAM) was launched by the Prime Minister of India, on April 2016.
e – National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) is a pan-India electronic trading portal that nets the prevailing Agricultural Produce Market Committees (APMC) Mandis for making a united national market for agricultural commodities.
The e-NAM project would operate via the online portal that is linked to the states’ Mandis (Wholesale markets). All the participating states will be providing the software (Website and Mobile Application) for e-NAM at no cost.
Recent Development related to e-NAM
The list below mentions the latest updates that are in the news which are related to e-NAM and can be asked in the UPSC 2020:
- With the integration of 38 new Mandis with e-NAM, the Indian Government fulfiled the target of integrating 415 Mandis in phase 2 of e-Nam
- 19 Mandis are from Madhya Pradesh
- 10 Mandis are from Telangana
- Four Mandis are from Maharashtra
- One Mandi is from Gujarat
- One Mandi is from Punjab
- One Mandi is from Haryana
- One Mandi is from Kerala
- One Mandi is from the union territory of Jammu & Kashmir
- In phase 1, 585 mandis were integrated with the e-National Agriculture Market.
- Now, there are a total of 1000 mandids operating under e-NAM.
How Does e-NAM Operate?
A competent person will be appointed for one year in each sharing mandi in order to enable the seamless and smooth operation of the portal. Read about National Agriculture Market (NAM) in the linked article.
Some key points related to e-NAM are given below:
- The GOI is offering a grant of Rs.30 lakhs to the participating agriculture mandis.
- Farmers under this scheme will be given ‘farmer helpline services’ 24×7 to help them obtain information about the portal.
- Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is the lead promoter of National Agricultural Market (eNAM). SFAC is formulated under the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW). SFAC through open tender selects a Partner to develop, operate, and maintain the NAM e-platform.
e-NAM & Its Role in the Agriculture Industry
The farmers can benefit if they were to find ways for aggregating produce on their own, bypassing the Arhatiya (business representative) and even the local mandi (Marketplace) in the process.
e-NAM & Its Constituents
e-NAM comprises of commodity onsets and prices, buy and sell trade offers, facility to respond to trade offers, among other services.
The focus areas, with regards to the implementation of e – National Agriculture Market, are given in the table below:
|Informing and trading commodities on e-NAM||Increasing the involvement of traders on e-NAM|
|Aggregate the quantity and value of supplies being traded on e-NAM||Increasing the figures of bids cited by traders|
|Encouraging cashless transactions, e.g. online payments, to farmers||Promoting inter-market trade between Mandis|
|Offering access to Soil Testing Laboratories to farmers||Accompanying awareness and farmer orientation programs|
|Providing elementary amenities and facilities for cleaning, sorting and packing to farmers in the Mandi||Creating logistics and infrastructure available to encourage inter-market trade on the e-NAM platform|
|Undertaking local initiatives and innovative systems to influence greater strength to e-NAM||Safeguarding transparency and accountability in implementation.|
In conclusion, we can say that this will turn out beneficial to the farmers when they’re receiving a higher price than before on their produce. The intermediaries that are responsible for the claiming charges that result in higher market prices can be put to trial. Larger retail stores can benefit from this and will be attracted to this due to higher profit margins since no intermediaries will be involved. When the local market prices are high, the state government has been seen blocking supplies in order to create an imbalance in Demand and Supply; hence it is critical to ensure that the software being used doesn’t have any loopholes.
What is the Agriculture Produce Market Committee?
APMC is the state governments’ driven market board that notifies the agriculture livestock and produces. It aims to limit the distress caused by the intermediaries in the lives of farmers. To read about APMC in detail, candidates can check the linked article.
To get NCERT Notes PDF for civil services preparation, aspirants can check the linked article.