National Anthem of India - 8 Interesting Facts About the Indian National Anthem for UPSC

Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore wrote ‘Jana Gana Mana’ which is National Anthem of India. It was declared as Indian National Anthem in 1950, January 24th. It makes one of the National Symbols of India. To know the facts about Indian National Anthem is useful for the IAS Exam aspirants. This article will provide you with some interesting facts about ‘Jana Gana Mana…’

National Anthem – Jana Gana Mana


National Anthem of India

Jana gana mana adhi naayaka jaya hai!
Bhaarat bhaagya vidhaata
Punjab Sindh Gujarat Maraatha,
Dravid Utkala Bangaa.
Vindhya Himachala Yamuna Ganga,
Uchhala jaladhi taranga.
Tava shubh naame jaage,
Tava shubh aashish maage,
Gahe tava jaya-gaatha.
Jana-gana-mangaladayaka jaya hai!
Bharat bhagya vidhata.
Jaya hai! Jaya hai! Jaya hai!
Jaya Jaya Jaya Jaya hai!

Facts about National Anthem of India for UPSC

The table below mentions the relevant facts about National Anthem of India:

National Anthem of India – Eight Interesting Facts for UPSC
The National Anthem of India was written by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore. He has written the National Anthem of Bangladesh as well.
The lines of the National Anthem of India was originally set in Raga Alhaiya Bilawal, still, it is sung with slight variations to the classical form of the raga.
The first version of the ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was sung in a convention of the Indian National Congress in 1911 at Calcutta.
In 1942, ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was performed (not sung) for the first time in Hamburg.
The Jana Gana Mana was declared as India’s National Anthem on 24th January 1950.
The official version of the National Anthem of India should take 52 seconds by law, and not 54 seconds.
In 2015, Rajasthan Governor has demanded to replace the word ‘Adhinayaka’ with the word ‘Mangal’, constructing his contention in light of the myth Tagore himself smashed in 1939 it.
Subhas Chandra Bose had authorized a free translation of the National Anthem of India from Sanskritized Bengali to a well-known form in Hindustani. Captain Abid Ali of the Indian National Army (INA) had shaped the version called ‘Subh Sukh chain’.

Why to read about National Anthem of India?

It is an impulse in every single Indian to stand up the second you hear the pride bringing words from our national anthem, leaving all that one is busy with. Touching composition and the evocative lyrics surely move you into the realm of patriotism, at least momentarily. Listening to the words “Jana Gana Mana…” in school assembly fills our heart with the quintessence of patriotism and nationalism. We all feel delighted and honored as an Indian to sing the National Anthem with all the feelings in our heart for the country. But most of them don’t know some interesting facts about Indian National Anthem.

In the most of the competitive examination especially UPSC IAS Exam, several questions have been asked from about our national flag, nation anthem, language etc.

National Anthem of India – UPSC Notes:-Download PDF Here

Aspirants reading the topic, ‘National Anthem,’ can also read about other National Symbols of India, linked in the table below:

National Flag of India National Bird of India National Flower of India National Aquatic Animal of India National River of India
National Emblem of India Calendars in India National Animal of India National Song of India Currency Symbol of India

Frequently Asked Questions on Indian National Anthem Facts


Q 1. When was ‘Jana Gana Mana’ chosen as the Indian National Anthem?

Ans. The Indian National Anthem is the first stanza of a  Bengali hymn ‘Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata’ written by Rabindra Nath Tagore. It was adopted as the Indian National Anthem on 24 January 1950 by the Constituent Assembly of India.

Q 2. Who has written the National Anthem of India?

Ans. Rabindranath Tagore had written the National Anthem of India on December 11, 1911, and was first sung on December 28, 1911, at the Congress session in Kolkata.

Q 3. What is the importance of National Anthem in India?

Ans. Article 51A (a) of the Indian Constitution states that: “It shall be the duty of every citizen of India to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem”.

Q 4. What is the difference between National Song and National Anthem?

Ans. The National Anthem is a patriotic musical composition that defines a country’s history, tradition and struggles. On the other hand, A National Song is a patriotic hymn adopted by the government of a country to be sung on public or state occasions. For detailed Difference Between National Song and National Anthem, visit the linked article.

Q 5. By law, how long should it take to sing the National Anthem of India?

Ans. The complete Indian National Anthem must be sung within 52 seconds by law while its shorter version can be sung within 20 seconds.

UPSC Preparation:

Daily News


Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.