The Tiger is scientifically known as Panthera tigris. Tiger was picked as the National animal of India because of its elegance, strength, agility and colossal power.
A national animal is one of the emblematic representatives of a country’s natural wealth. The national animal is selected based on several criteria. First one is how well it denotes certain features that a nation wants to be recognized with.
Secondly, the national animal should have a rich history as part of the nation’s heritage and culture. The national animal should be well distributed within the country. Mostly a national animal should be indigenous to that specific nation and elite to the country’s identity. The national animal is also taken on the basis of the conservation status of the animal to allow better efforts towards its sustained survival due to the official status. The second chapter in the India Yearbook deals with the national identity elements.
India Yearbook Book is a Government of India which is an inclusive summary of India’s advancement in different fields. It contains an enormous quantity of Statistics, facts, analysis. Most questions in UPSC Civil services examination come from the India Yearbook. National Identity Components of India is important for UPSC IAS Examination. Usually, UPSC asks some questions about National flower National Emblem, National symbols, National Anthem, etc. as UPSC civil service aspirants should know the diminutive details about India. Here we are giving some interesting facts about the National Animal of India-Tiger.
Also read | Tiger Conservation in India
- Tigers are the largest specimen in the cat family.
- There are eight subspecies of tiger- Royal Bengal, Indo-Chinese, Sumatran, Amur or Siberian, South China, Caspian, Java, and Bali. Caspian, Java and Bali tigers have been hunted to extinction.
- Tiger chooses the lowlands and is frequently seen in grasslands, swamps, and mangroves. The Bengal mangrove ecosystem is a rich habitat for royal tigers and they have adapted by being fervent swimmers.
- Till 1972, lion was the national animal of India.
- The Royal Bengal Tiger was conferred as the national animal on the ‘majestic creature’ November 18, 1972
- The tiger is the national animal of Bangladesh, South Korea, Vietnam, and Malaysia.
- Nagpur is known as the ‘Tiger Capital of India’
- According to IUCN Red list, the tiger is listed as an endangered animal.
- There is an abrupt fall in the population of tigers due to poaching, hunting, illegal smuggling of Tiger Skin and other body parts.
- To conserve the tiger, the Indian Government launched Project Tiger in 1973.
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