The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) is an important government scheme related to water conservation and management. Government schemes are crucial for the IAS exam from the point of view of both the prelims and the mains.
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The Indian Government encourages water conservation and its management to be at a high priority. In order to get this in motion, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was introduced with a vision of expanding irrigation coverage (Har Khet ko Pani) and using the water more efficiently (More Crop Per Drop). This scheme will provide an end-to-end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application, and other extension activities.
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Objectives of PMKSY
The real goal of the PMKSY is to accomplish the merging of investments in the irrigation sector at the field level. Other objectives include:
- Increasing accessibility of irrigation facilities and expansion of cultivable range under guaranteed irrigation areas (Har Khet ko Pani)
- Enhancing On-Farm water use efficiency to lessen wastage of water
- Integrating the source, distribution, and efficiency of water through appropriate technologies
- Enhancing and promoting the implementation of precision- irrigation and other water-saving technologies (More crop per drop)
- Enhancing refilling of aquifers and present supportable water protection rehearses by investigating the attainability of reusing treated city-based water for peri-urban farming
- Peri-urban farming refers to farm units close to town which operate intensive semi- or fully commercial farms to grow vegetables and other horticulture, raise chickens and other livestock, and produce milk and eggs.
- Ensuring integrated development of rainfed areas by different methods like:
- Regeneration of Groundwater
- Watershed approach for conserving water and soil
- Arresting runoff
- Providing livelihood and other NRM Activities (natural resource management)
- Promoting extension activities for farmers and field workers like:
- Water Harvesting
- Water Management
- Crop alignment
- Drawing in more noteworthy private investment in precision irrigation system framework. This will result in increased production and productivity which will further enhance farm income.
To know more about other Government Schemes visit the linked article.
Functions of PMKSY
The plan goes for bringing concerned Ministries/Departments/Agencies/Research and Financial Institutions occupied with creation/utilize/reusing/potential reusing of water, brought under a typical stage, so a thorough and all-encompassing perspective of the whole “water cycle” is considered and water budgeting is accomplished for all areas to be specific, family, horticulture, and businesses.
The program design of PMKSY goes for a ‘decentralized State level arranging and execution’ structure, with a specific end goal to enable States to draw up a District Irrigation Plan (DIP) and a State Irrigation Plan (SIP). All structures made under the plans will be geotagged.
Components of PMKSY
The major components of PMKSY are listed below:
Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP):
- To concentrate on speedier fulfilment of continuous Major and Medium Irrigation including National Projects.
Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP):
- Creation of new water sources through minor water system (both surface and groundwater)
- Repair, reclamation, and redesign of conventional water bodies
- Charge range advancement
- Fortifying and production of dispersion organized from sources to the ranch and
- Creating and rejuvenating traditional water storage systems like Jal Mandir (Gujarat); Khatri, Kuhl (H.P.); Zabo (Nagaland); Eri, Ooranis (T.N.); Dongs (Assam); Katas, Bandhas (Odisha and M.P.), etc. at feasible locations.
Per Drop More Crop (PDMC):
- Improving the efficiency of water usage by various initiatives like precision water application devices, construction of micro-irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities including tube wells and dug wells, etc
Watershed Development (WD):
- Ridge territory treatment, seepage line treatment, soil and dampness protection, water reaping and other watershed intercessions.
Ministries Involved in PMKSY
- Ministry of Agriculture- Promote efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns in the farm “(Jal Sinchan)”, construction of micro-irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities, extension activities for the promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures
- MoWR RD & GR- Undertake various measures for creation of assured irrigation source, construction of diversion canals, field channels, water diversion/lift irrigation, including the development of water distribution systems
- Ministry of Rural Development- Mainly undertakes rainwater conservation, construction of farm pond, water harvesting structures, small check dams, and contour bunding, etc.
Committees Involved in Implementing the PMKSY Yojana
- National Steering Committee (NSC):
- This is an Inter-Ministerial Committee under the Chairmanship of the Prime Minister with Union Ministers of all concerned Ministries. It will supervise and monitor the program at the national level
- National Executive Committee (NEC):
- To be constituted under the Chairmanship of the Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog. It will oversee program implementation, inter-ministerial coordination, resource allocation, monitoring and performance assessment, addressing administrative issues etc.
- State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC):
- SLSC will be Chaired by the Chief Secretary of the respective States to administer the scheme at the state level. It will have all authority to sanction the project and also monitor the progress of the scheme.
- District Level Implementation Committee: At the district level for ensuring last mile coordination at the field level
Click on the link to read more Micro-Irrigation Fund.
You can know more about the topics asked in the exam by visiting the UPSC Syllabus page. For more articles refer to the links given in the table below: