NCERT Notes: The Charter Act Of 1833 - Features & Significance [Modern Indian History For UPSC]

NCERT notes on important topics for the UPSC Civil Services Exam. These notes will also be useful for other competitive exams like banking PO, SSC, state civil services exams and so on. This article talks about the Charter Act of 1833.

The Charter Act of 1833 was passed in the British Parliament which renewed the East India Company’s charter for another 20 years. This was also called the Government of India Act 1833 or the Saint Helena Act 1833.

The Charter Act of 1833 (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

Features of the Charter Act of 1833
  • The company’s commercial activities were closed down. It was made into an administrative body for British Indian possessions.
  • The company’s trade links with China were also closed down.
  • This act permitted the English to settle freely in India.
  • This act legalised the British colonisation of the country.
  • The company still possessed the Indian territories but it was held ‘in trust for his majesty’.
Provisions of the Charter Act of 1833

India became a British colony

  • The Governor-General of Bengal was re-designated as the Governor-General of India. This made Lord William Bentinck the first Governor-General of India.
  • Thus, the country’s administration was unified under one control.
  • The Governors of Bombay and Madras lost their legislative powers.
  • The Governor-General had legislative powers over entire British India.
  • The Governor-General in council had the authority to amend, repeal or alter any law pertaining to all people and places in British Indian territories whether British, foreign or Indian native.
  • The civil and military affairs of the company were controlled by the Governor-General in council.
  • The Governor-General’s council was to have four members. The fourth member had limited powers only.
  • For the first time, the Governor-General’s government was called Government of India and the council was called India Council.

Indian Law Commission

  • The act mandated that any law made in India was to be put before the British Parliament and was to be called ‘Act’.
  • As per the act, an Indian Law Commission was established.
  • The first Law Commission had Lord Macaulay as its chairman.
  • It sought to codify all Indian law.

Split in Bengal Presidency

  • The act provided for the Presidency of Bengal to be divided into the Presidencies of Agra and Fort William.
  • But this never came into effect.

Indians in Government service

  • This was the first act that gave permission for Indians to have a share in the country’s administration.
  • It stated that merit should be the basis of employment to government service and not birth, colour, religion or race.


  • The act provided for the mitigation of slavery existing in India at that time.
  • The British Parliament abolished slavery in Britain and all its possessions in 1833.

Tilt towards Christianity

  • Since the number of British residents in the country was increasing, the act allowed for having three Bishops in India.
  • It also sought to regulate the establishment of Christian institutions in India.
Significance of the Charter Act of 1833
  • It was the final step in the centralisation of India’s administration.
  • The ending of the East India Company’s commercial activities and making it into the British Crown’s trustee in administering India.
  • Codification of laws under Macaulay.
  • Provision for Indians in government service.

The Charter Act of 1833 (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

Also see-

UPSC Preparation

Government Exam 2022


  1. i need polity ncert notes

    1. Hi
      Refer to Polity Notes for UPSC for important articles.

  2. i need science and technology notes

    1. Hi
      Please get science & technology notes in the linked article.

  3. I need prelims ncert notes for upsc

    1. Hi
      You can check NCERT Notes for UPSC in the linked article.

  4. Rajesh Kumar Behera


    1. Hi
      You may check, Polity Notes in the linked article.


    1. Hi Prashant
      You can take help from BYJU’S Economic Notes for UPSC.


    1. Hi Aman
      We suggest you refer to M.Laxmikanth’s Indian Polity book for polity preparation. For notes on some important topics, you can check our post on Polity Notes, in the linked article.

  7. Hi ! I need Economy Notes

    1. Hi Uma
      You can refer to the BYJU’S Indian Economy Notes for UPSC in the linked article.

  8. Hi I’m luhit i need ncert notes on indian history

  9. Mohamed Arafath faizal

    Hi sir,
    I Need geography notes

    1. For NCERT Geography Notes you can check the linked article.

  10. hello, can you please provide us – book list and study plan strategy for UPSC History optional

  11. Can you please provide links for Notes on Environment and Ecology.

  12. Hi Sir
    I need Constitution of india notes
    pls help

    1. Hi
      Get an article on the constitution of India overview here.

  13. I want notes on the history of ancient India

  14. I want history notes

  15. Hello Sir,
    I need ncert science notes for upsc

  16. i want Disaster Management notes

  17. I Want CSAT Notes. Because I had Mathematics background

    1. Hi,
      Please check CSAT page for more details.

  18. Please suggest ncert polity notes

  19. how to download ncert notes in hindi by byj’s sites

    1. Hi
      You can download NCERT Notes from the linked article.

  20. sir/ma’am
    could you provide Telugu literature material or booklist please

    1. Hi
      You can refer to the UPSC Telugu Literature Booklist provided in the linked article.

  21. I need free notes material to prepare upsc civil service exams in pdf format in English language

    1. Hi,
      You can refer to the following links:
      1. NCERT Notes
      2. UPSC Notes

  22. science and economics notes NCERT + for mains/

    1. Check Science and Technology Notes of some of the important and relevant topics in the linked article.

  23. Please suggest ncert society and world history notes for GS1

    1. Hi,
      You can get important World History Notes in the linked article.

  24. Sir I have a doubt that is it compulsory to take literature as optional with another optional subject. I want to take agriculture as optional. Is it necessary to take literature along with agriculture as optional

    1. Hi,
      For UPSC CSE, only one optional subject has to be chosen. Therefore, you can go with Agriculture.

  25. Want yogana and kurukhastra magazine notes

    1. Dear Aspirant,
      You can get gist of Yojana and Kurukshetra magazines from below:
      1. Notes from Yojana
      2. Notes from Kurukshetra

  26. Hi, i need notes for medival history, modern history, post independence, world history

    1. Dear Aspirant,
      Get the NCERT Notes subject-wise here.

Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published. Required fields are marked *