Kanha National Park - Facts about Kanha Tiger Reserve for UPSC

Kanha National Park is located in Madhya Pradesh. It is popularly known as Kanha Tiger Reserve. It is Madhya Pradesh’s largest park. It is the first tiger reserve of India to announce a mascot – ‘Bhoorsingh, The Barasingha.’ Tiger Conservation is an important topic for the IAS Examination and from that view, aspirants must know about important tiger reserves in India.

This article will brief you about Kanha National Park of Kanha Tiger Reserve. The relevant facts can be helpful for prelims and mains examination.

Get the list of national parks in India from the linked article.

The topic, ‘Kanha National Park’ is related to Static GK. The other related articles that candidates must-read for UPSC preparation are linked below:

  1. Jim Corbett National Park
  2. Kaziranga National Park
  3. Environment and Ecology Notes for UPSC
  4. Environment and Ecology Questions of UPSC Mains GS 3

Things to Know about Kanha Tiger Reserve

  1. It is located in the Maikal Range of Satpuras and span across two districts of MP – Mandla and Balaghat.
  2. It is declared as one of the finest wildlife reserves in the world and is famous globally to save Barasingha from near extinction.
  3. In 1879, the park was declared as the reserve forest.
  4. In 1933, it was termed as the wildlife sanctuary.
  5. In 1955, the park was termed as the National Park.
  6. As per the official website, the total area of the Kanha Tiger Reserve is 1945 sq km.
  7. Rudyard Kipling’s ‘The Jungle Book’ is said to be inspired by the Kanha National Park.
  8. The sunset point called, ‘Bammi Dadar’ is the famous tourist spot at Kanha Tiger Reserve.
  9. The two famous tribes of Gonda and Baigas originally inhabited the forest.

The question about the difference between wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserves and national park has been asked in the UPSC interview. Hence, it will be beneficial for the candidates to visit the linked article to revise the major differences between the three areas.

A Brief History of Kanha National Park

Hallon and Banjar were two sanctuaries into which the Kanha Park was earlier divided in the 1930s. The tag of the national park, as mentioned before, was given only in 1955. The Kanha Tiger Reserve encompass the surrounding buffer zones of the park and the Phen sanctuary which is in its neighbourhood.

Wildlife in Kanha National Park/Tiger Reserve

The significant population of the following is seen in the Kanha National Park:

  1. Royal Bengal Tiger
  2. Leopards
  3. Sloth bear
  4. Barasingha
  5. Indian wild dog

Flora of Kanha Tiger Reserve/National Park

  1. Lowland forest – Sal, mixed trees and meadows.
  2. Highland forest – Tropical moist deciduous forest.

FAQ about Kanha National Parks

Which state has highest tiger population?

Madhya pradesh has the highest number of tigers(526) in the age group of 1.5 years with more than 408 big cats.

which national park has highest population of tigers?

Corbett National Park has sustained its top position when it comes to tiger population.

Read about the Natural Vegetation in India in the linked article.

UPSC Preparation:

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