Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Bill was introduced in the parliament of India in the year 2000 by Atal Bihari Vajpayee Government for providing a legal backing to the fiscal discipline to be institutionalised in the country. Subsequently, the FRBM Act was passed in the year 2003. It is an act of the parliament that set targets for the Government of India to establish financial discipline, improve the management of public funds, strengthen the fiscal prudence and reduce its fiscal deficits.
Why was FRBM Act passed?
The Primary objective was elimination of revenue deficit and bringing down the fiscal deficit. The other objectives included:
- Introduction of a transparent system of fiscal management within the country
- Ensuring equitable distribution of debt over the years
- Ensuring fiscal stability in the long run
The act also intended to give the required flexibility to the Central Bank for managing inflation in India.
Features of the FRBM Act
- It was mandated by the act that
- Macroeconomic Framework Statement
- Medium Term Fiscal Policy Statement and
- Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement
must be placed along with the Budget documents annually in the Parliament.
- It was proposed that the four fiscal indicators i.e, revenue deficit as a percentage of GDP, fiscal deficit as a percentage of GDP, tax revenue as a percentage of GDP and total outstanding liabilities as a percentage of GDP be projected in the medium term fiscal policy statement.
Targets and fiscal indicators as per the FRBM Act
The central government agreed to the following fiscal indicators and targets, subsequent to the enactment of the FRBMA
- Revenue deficit to be eliminated by 31st of March 2009. A minimum annual reduction of 0.5% of GDP.
- Fiscal Deficit to be brought down to at least 3% of GDP by 31st of March 2008. A minimum annual reduction – 0.3% of GDP.
- Total Debt to be reduced to 9% of the GDP (a target increased from the original 6% requirement in 2004–05). An annual reduction of – 1% of GDP.
- The purchase of government bonds by RBI must cease from 1 April 2006.
Committees on the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act
In the year 2016, NK Singh committee was set up by the government to review the FRBM Act. The task was to review the performance of the FRBM Act and suggest the necessary changes to the provisions of the act. The recommendations of the committee read that the government must target a fiscal deficit of 3 percent of the GDP in years up to March 31, 2020, subsequently cut it to 2.8 percent in 2020-21 and to 2.5 percent by 2023.
This article spoke about the FRBM Act, its provisions and targets. It is a relevant topic for the UPSC Exam 2019 and falls under the topic “Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment” in General Studies Paper 3. It is important to keep reading newspaper articles and editorials on this subject as it can be asked directly or indirectly in the IAS exam. Since there is a plethora of information on this subject, candidates should keep a note of all the points and material they have on this subject neatly classified.
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