Committees & Their Purposes - Indian Polity

There are many committees and commissions formed in India for different purposes. They play an important role in Indian polity. Their recommendations have led to various reforms in Indian society. Hence, they are very important for the UPSC exam.

This article gives a list of various committees and commissions and their purposes (why they were formed/which field they worked in) so that students can have a ready list with which revision can be done.

IAS 2023 results

Committees Latest updates – 

  1. Company Law Committee (CLC) – The ministry of corporate affairs has extended the tenure of the Company Law Committee by one year i.e. to September 2021. The committee was constituted in September 2019.

List of Committees and their Purposes

Committees and commissions are formed for studying a problem or issue and then making recommendations to resolve the issue. The government can either accept or reject the findings/recommendations of the committee.

We have come up with detailed recommendations of a few important committees for your reference. You can check out the recommendations of the Punchhi Commission in the linked article. We have also covered the very important Sarkaria Commission, which you can read about here.

List of Committees With Purposes
Name of Committee/Commission Purpose
Arun Goel Committee To strengthen the Capital Goods(CG) Sector and  contribute more actively in the national goal of achieving a USD 5 trillion economy and a USD 1 trillion manufacturing sector
P K Mohanty Committee To review present ownership guidelines and corporate structure for Indian Private Sector Banks
Committee on TRP ratings To review the guidelines on television rating agencies; headed by Sashi S Vempati
Committee by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) To prepare the professional engineers bill
One Man Committee to Prevent Stubble burning To take steps for preventing stubble burning in Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh which is a source of pollution in the Delhi-national capital region (NCR); headed by Justice Madan B. Lokur
Market Data Advisory Committee (MDAC) by SEBI To recommend appropriate policy for access to securities market data, identify segment-wise data perimeters, data needs, and gaps, recommend data privacy and data access regulations applicable to market data; headed by Madhabi Puri Buch
Company Law Committee (CLC) to suggest measures to de-clog and improve the functioning of the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) and make recommendations on various issues pertaining to the implementation of the Companies Act and the Limited Liability Partnership Act; headed by Rajesh Verma
Rajesh Pant Expert Committee To evaluate the “implications” of digital surveillance by  Data Information Technology Co. Limited and “assess any violations of law and submit its recommendations; under the National Cyber Security Coordinator
Rajiv Mehrishi Committee To measure the impact on the national economy and financial stability of waiving of interest and COVID-19 related moratorium. To give suggestions to mitigate financial constraints of various sections of society
KV Kamath Committee Setting parameters for Loan Restructuring, to undertake a process validation of resolution plans for borrowal accounts above a specified threshold
Pradip Shah Committee To develop international retail business at the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC)
GK Pillai Committee To decide ceiling rates under duty reimbursement scheme for exporters
Ramesh Chand Committee Niti Aayog Member(Agriculture), “Sugarcane and Sugar Industry” recommended linking of Sugarcane prices to sugar rate to maintain the financial state and stability of the  industry and to clear the arrears of the sugarcane farmers.
Committee on Business Responsibility Reporting to develop new BRR formats for listed and unlisted companies; headed by Rajesh Verma
Committee For Analysis of QR Code to review the prevalent system of QR Codes in India for facilitating digital payments and submit recommendations; headed by Prof. D. B. Pathak
SEBI’s advisory committee on mutual funds Advises the capital markets regulator on matters related to regulation and development of mutual fund industry; headed by Usha Thorat
Committee on the pandemic risk pool To address various risks that have been triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic and offer protection in case of a similar crisis in the future; headed by Suresh Mathur
Abhijeet Sen Committee Formulating food policy in the long term
Abid Hussain Committee Small scale industries  and Trade Policy Reform
Chakravarty Committee (1985) Monetary policy
G V Ramakrishna Committee Disinvestment
JJ Irani Committee Company laws; Formation of the new Companies Act
Kelkar Committee (2015) Assessing PPP in India and Tax Structure Reforms
Raja Chelliah Committee Tax reforms in India
Khusro Committee Agricultural Credit System
Sarkaria Commission Relationship and power balance between the Centre and States
Malegam Committee Microfinance
Narasimhan Committee Banking Reforms
Mckinsey Report Merger Of seven Associate Banks with State Bank of India
Suresh Tendulkar Committee The methodology of estimation of poverty
Tarapore Committee Capital Account Convertibility
A Ghosh committee Malpractices in banks
Y B Reddy Committee Assessing Of Income Tax Rebates
Bhagwati Committee Unemployment and Public Welfare
C Rao Committee Agricultural policy
Dharia Committee Public Distribution System
Rangarajan Committee Computerization Of Banking Industry and Public Sector Disinvestment
Lodha committee To recommend reforms for cricket in India
Raghunath Anant Mashelkar panel To suggest the best technologies for Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan
K V Kamath Panel To examine the MSME sector
Bibek Debroy Committee Railway restructuring
Justice B. M Shah Committee Black money
A C Shah Committee Non-Banking Financial Company
Ajit Kumar Committee Army pay scales
Athreya Committee Restructuring of IDBI
Bhurelal Committee Increase in Motor Vehicle Tax
Bimal Jalan Committee Report on the working of capital market infrastructure institutions (MIIs)
Chandra Shekhar Committee Venture Capital
Dave Committee Pension Scheme for Unorganized Sector
Deepak Parekh Committee Financing Infrastructure through PPP model
Hanumant Rao Committee Fertilisers 
Janakiramanan Committee Securities Transactions
Kasturirangan Committee Draft National Education Policy
Kothari Commission To examine all aspects of the educational sector in India
Kumaramangalam Birla Report Corporate Governance
N.N. Vohra Committee Relations (Nexus) Of Politicians with Criminals
Radha Krishnan Commission (1948) Establishment of the University Grant Commission
K. Santhanam Committee Establishment of CVC
Shivaraman Committee (1979) Establishment of NABARD
Swaminathan Commission (2004) To find the problems faced by the farmers
Balwantrai Mehta Committee (1957) Panchayati Raj Institutions
Justice A.K Mathur Commission 7th Pay Commission
Vaghul Committee Money market in India
Vasudev Committee NBFC sector reforms
Y B Reddy Committee Review of Income Tax rebates
Aruna Sundararajan Committee Telecom sector revival
Rajiv Kumar Committee Selling of OIL and ONGC fields to private companies
Sushil Modi Committee To look into GST revenue shortfall faced by states
Lokpal Search Committee (Justice Ranjana Desai) For recommending names for Lokpal
Injeti Srinivas Committee Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
Punchhi Commission Centre-State relations

Committees and Their Purposes – Indian Polity Notes:Download PDF Here

Aspirants can check out a few relevant links to prepare for the Civil Services Exam even better –

Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) Banking Sector Reforms & Acts National Capital Goods Policy
Types of Banks in India Types of Non-Banking Financial Institutions India Problem of Stubble Burning

Kickstart your UPSC 2023 Preparation today!

Related Links
Polity Notes for UPSC Polity MCQs
NCERT Notes for UPSC PIB Summary
UPSC Current Affairs Cabinet Committees

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  1. very good content. It helps a lot, your (team) hardwork makes it easy to understand even typical political and technical matters.

  2. thanq for dedicated efforts