There are many committees and commissions formed in India for different purposes. They play an important role in Indian polity. Their recommendations have led to various reforms in Indian society. Hence, they are very important for the UPSC exam.
This article gives a list of various committees and commissions and their purposes (why they were formed/which field they worked in) so that students can have a ready list with which revision can be done.
List of Committees and their Purposes
Committees and commissions are formed for studying a problem or issue, and then making recommendations to resolve the issue. The government can either accept or reject the findings/recommendations of the committee.
We have come up with detailed recommendations of a few important committees for your reference. You can check out recommendations of the Punchhi Commission at the linked article. We have also covered the very important Sarkaria Commission, which you can read about here.
|List of Committees With Purposes|
|Name of Committee/Commission||Purpose|
|Abhijeet Sen Committee||Formulating food policy in a long term|
|Abid Hussain Committee||Small scale industries and Trade Policy Reform|
|Chakravarty Committee (1985)||Monetary policy|
|G V Ramakrishna Committee||Disinvestment|
|JJ Irani Committee||Company laws; Formation of the new Companies Act|
|Kelkar Committee (2015)||Assessing PPP in India and Tax Structure Reforms|
|Raja Chelliah Committee||Tax reforms in India|
|Khusro Committee||Agricultural Credit System|
|Sarkaria Commission||Relationship and power balance between the Centre and States|
|Narasimhan Committee||Banking Reforms|
|Mckinsey Report||Merger Of seven Associate Banks with State Bank of India|
|Suresh Tendulkar Committee||Methodology of estimation of poverty|
|Tarapore Committee||Capital Account Convertibility|
|A Ghosh committee||Malpractices in banks|
|Y B Reddy Committee||Assessing Of Income Tax Rebates|
|Bhagwati Committee||Unemployment and Public Welfare|
|C Rao Committee||Agricultural policy|
|Dharia Committee||Public Distribution System|
|Rangarajan Committee||Computerization Of Banking Industry and Public Sector Disinvestment|
|Lodha committee||To recommend reforms for cricket in India|
|Raghunath Anant Mashelkar panel||To suggest the best technologies for Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan|
|K V Kamath Panel||To examine the MSME sector|
|Bibek Debroy Committee||Railway restructuring|
|Justice B. M Shah Committee||Black money|
|A C Shah Committee||Non-Banking Financial Company|
|Ajit Kumar Committee||Army pay scales|
|Athreya Committee||Restructuring of IDBI|
|Bhurelal Committee||Increase in Motor Vehicle Tax|
|Bimal Jalan Committee||Report on the working of capital market infrastructure institutions (MIIs)|
|Chandra Shekhar Committee||Venture Capital|
|Dave Committee||Pension Scheme for Unorganized Sector|
|Deepak Parekh Committee||Financing Infrastructure through PPP model|
|Hanumant Rao Committee||Fertilisers|
|Janakiramanan Committee||Securities Transactions|
|Kasturirangan Committee||Draft National Education Policy|
|Kothari Commission||To examine all aspects of the educational sector in India|
|Kumaramangalam Birla Report||Corporate Governance|
|N.N. Vohra Committee||Relations (Nexus) Of Politicians with Criminals|
|Radha Krishnan Commission (1948)||Establishment of the University Grant Commission|
|K. Santhanam Committee||Establishment of CBI|
|Shivaraman Committee (1979)||Establishment of NABARD|
|Swaminathan Commission (2004)||To find the problems faced by the farmers|
|Balwantrai Mehta Committee (1957)||Panchayati Raj Institutions|
|Justice A.K Mathur Commission||7th Pay Commission|
|Vaghul Committee||Money market in India|
|Vasudev Committee||NBFC sector reforms|
|Y B Reddy Committee||Review of Income Tax rebates|
|Aruna Sundararajan Committee||Telecom sector revival|
|Rajiv Kumar Committee||Selling of OIL and ONGC fields to private companies|
|Sushil Modi Committee||To look into GST revenue shortfall faced by states|
|Lokpal Search Committee (Justice Ranjana Desai)||For recommending names for Lokpal|
|Injeti Srinivas Committee||Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)|
|Punchhi Commission||Centre – State relations|
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UPSC Questions Related to Committees and their Purposes
How many committees are there in Parliament?
The Parliament constitutes many committees to perform its myriad functions. Permanent committees are called Standing Committees, while Ad-hoc committees are made for a specific purpose, and these cease to exist after their mandate is completed. You can read more about Parliamentary Committeesin the linked article.
What is Select Committee in India?
Some committees, formed by the Parliament are ‘select’, that is, formed for a specific purpose, like to deliberate on a certain bill. After the disposal of the Bill, that select committee will no longer exist. Read more on Select Committees here.
How many committees are there in India?
In the Parliament, there are 24 Department-related Standing Committees.
|Polity Notes for UPSC||Polity MCQs|
|NCERT Notes for UPSC||PIB Summary|
|UPSC Current Affairs||Cabinet Committees|