There are many committees and commissions formed in India for different purposes. They play an important role in Indian polity. Their recommendations have led to various reforms in Indian society. Hence, they are very important for the UPSC exam.
This article gives a list of various committees and commissions and their purposes (why they were formed/which field they worked in) so that students can have a ready list with which revision can be done.
Committees Latest updates –
- Company Law Committee (CLC) – The ministry of corporate affairs has extended the tenure of the Company Law Committee by one year i.e. to September 2021. The committee was constituted in September 2019.
List of Committees and their Purposes
Committees and commissions are formed for studying a problem or issue and then making recommendations to resolve the issue. The government can either accept or reject the findings/recommendations of the committee.
We have come up with detailed recommendations of a few important committees for your reference. You can check out the recommendations of the Punchhi Commission in the linked article. We have also covered the very important Sarkaria Commission, which you can read about here.
|List of Committees With Purposes|
|Name of Committee/Commission||Purpose|
|Arun Goel Committee||To strengthen the Capital Goods(CG) Sector and contribute more actively in the national goal of achieving a USD 5 trillion economy and a USD 1 trillion manufacturing sector|
|P K Mohanty Committee||To review present ownership guidelines and corporate structure for Indian Private Sector Banks|
|Committee on TRP ratings||To review the guidelines on television rating agencies; headed by Sashi S Vempati|
|Committee by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)||To prepare the professional engineers bill|
|One Man Committee to Prevent Stubble burning||To take steps for preventing stubble burning in Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh which is a source of pollution in the Delhi-national capital region (NCR); headed by Justice Madan B. Lokur|
|Market Data Advisory Committee (MDAC) by SEBI||To recommend appropriate policy for access to securities market data, identify segment-wise data perimeters, data needs, and gaps, recommend data privacy and data access regulations applicable to market data; headed by Madhabi Puri Buch|
|Company Law Committee (CLC)||to suggest measures to de-clog and improve the functioning of the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) and make recommendations on various issues pertaining to the implementation of the Companies Act and the Limited Liability Partnership Act; headed by Rajesh Verma|
|Rajesh Pant Expert Committee||To evaluate the “implications” of digital surveillance by Data Information Technology Co. Limited and “assess any violations of law and submit its recommendations; under the National Cyber Security Coordinator|
|Rajiv Mehrishi Committee||To measure the impact on the national economy and financial stability of waiving of interest and COVID-19 related moratorium. To give suggestions to mitigate financial constraints of various sections of society|
|KV Kamath Committee||Setting parameters for Loan Restructuring, to undertake a process validation of resolution plans for borrowal accounts above a specified threshold|
|Pradip Shah Committee||To develop international retail business at the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC)|
|GK Pillai Committee||To decide ceiling rates under duty reimbursement scheme for exporters|
|Ramesh Chand Committee||Niti Aayog Member(Agriculture), “Sugarcane and Sugar Industry” recommended linking of Sugarcane prices to sugar rate to maintain the financial state and stability of the industry and to clear the arrears of the sugarcane farmers.|
|Committee on Business Responsibility Reporting||to develop new BRR formats for listed and unlisted companies; headed by Rajesh Verma|
|Committee For Analysis of QR Code||to review the prevalent system of QR Codes in India for facilitating digital payments and submit recommendations; headed by Prof. D. B. Pathak|
|SEBI’s advisory committee on mutual funds||Advises the capital markets regulator on matters related to regulation and development of mutual fund industry; headed by Usha Thorat|
|Committee on the pandemic risk pool||To address various risks that have been triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic and offer protection in case of a similar crisis in the future; headed by Suresh Mathur|
|Abhijeet Sen Committee||Formulating food policy in the long term|
|Abid Hussain Committee||Small scale industries and Trade Policy Reform|
|Chakravarty Committee (1985)||Monetary policy|
|G V Ramakrishna Committee||Disinvestment|
|JJ Irani Committee||Company laws; Formation of the new Companies Act|
|Kelkar Committee (2015)||Assessing PPP in India and Tax Structure Reforms|
|Raja Chelliah Committee||Tax reforms in India|
|Khusro Committee||Agricultural Credit System|
|Sarkaria Commission||Relationship and power balance between the Centre and States|
|Narasimhan Committee||Banking Reforms|
|Mckinsey Report||Merger Of seven Associate Banks with State Bank of India|
|Suresh Tendulkar Committee||The methodology of estimation of poverty|
|Tarapore Committee||Capital Account Convertibility|
|A Ghosh committee||Malpractices in banks|
|Y B Reddy Committee||Assessing Of Income Tax Rebates|
|Bhagwati Committee||Unemployment and Public Welfare|
|C Rao Committee||Agricultural policy|
|Dharia Committee||Public Distribution System|
|Rangarajan Committee||Computerization Of Banking Industry and Public Sector Disinvestment|
|Lodha committee||To recommend reforms for cricket in India|
|Raghunath Anant Mashelkar panel||To suggest the best technologies for Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan|
|K V Kamath Panel||To examine the MSME sector|
|Bibek Debroy Committee||Railway restructuring|
|Justice B. M Shah Committee||Black money|
|A C Shah Committee||Non-Banking Financial Company|
|Ajit Kumar Committee||Army pay scales|
|Athreya Committee||Restructuring of IDBI|
|Bhurelal Committee||Increase in Motor Vehicle Tax|
|Bimal Jalan Committee||Report on the working of capital market infrastructure institutions (MIIs)|
|Chandra Shekhar Committee||Venture Capital|
|Dave Committee||Pension Scheme for Unorganized Sector|
|Deepak Parekh Committee||Financing Infrastructure through PPP model|
|Hanumant Rao Committee||Fertilisers|
|Janakiramanan Committee||Securities Transactions|
|Kasturirangan Committee||Draft National Education Policy|
|Kothari Commission||To examine all aspects of the educational sector in India|
|Kumaramangalam Birla Report||Corporate Governance|
|N.N. Vohra Committee||Relations (Nexus) Of Politicians with Criminals|
|Radha Krishnan Commission (1948)||Establishment of the University Grant Commission|
|K. Santhanam Committee||Establishment of CVC|
|Shivaraman Committee (1979)||Establishment of NABARD|
|Swaminathan Commission (2004)||To find the problems faced by the farmers|
|Balwantrai Mehta Committee (1957)||Panchayati Raj Institutions|
|Justice A.K Mathur Commission||7th Pay Commission|
|Vaghul Committee||Money market in India|
|Vasudev Committee||NBFC sector reforms|
|Y B Reddy Committee||Review of Income Tax rebates|
|Aruna Sundararajan Committee||Telecom sector revival|
|Rajiv Kumar Committee||Selling of OIL and ONGC fields to private companies|
|Sushil Modi Committee||To look into GST revenue shortfall faced by states|
|Lokpal Search Committee (Justice Ranjana Desai)||For recommending names for Lokpal|
|Injeti Srinivas Committee||Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)|
|Punchhi Commission||Centre-State relations|
Aspirants can check out a few relevant links to prepare for the Civil Services Exam even better –
|Monetary Policy Committee (MPC)||Banking Sector Reforms & Acts||National Capital Goods Policy|
|Types of Banks in India||Types of Non-Banking Financial Institutions India||Problem of Stubble Burning|
Kickstart your UPSC 2021 Preparation today!
UPSC Questions Related to Committees and their Purposes
How many committees are there in Parliament?
The Parliament constitutes many committees to perform its myriad functions. Permanent committees are called Standing Committees, while Ad-hoc committees are made for a specific purpose, and these cease to exist after their mandate is completed. You can read more about Parliamentary Committees in the linked article.
What is Select Committee in India?
Some committees, formed by the Parliament are ‘select’, that is, formed for a specific purpose, like to deliberate on a certain bill. After the disposal of the Bill, that select committee will no longer exist. Read more on Select Committees here.
How many committees are there in India?
In the Parliament, there are 24 Department-related Standing Committees.
|Polity Notes for UPSC||Polity MCQs|
|NCERT Notes for UPSC||PIB Summary|
|UPSC Current Affairs||Cabinet Committees|