UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Sagarmala Project
Sagarmala project was launched by the Government of India with the broad objectives of promoting port-led direct and indirect development and to provide infrastructure for transportation of goods to and from ports quickly, efficiently and cost-effectively. Therefore, the project aims at developing access to new development regions with intermodal solutions and promote optimum modal split, enhanced connectivity with main economic centres and beyond, through expansion of road, rail services, coastal and inland water services.
Three pillars of development under Sagarmala Project are:
- Port-led development through appropriate policy and institutional interventions and providing for an institutional framework for ensuring inter-agency and ministries/departments/states’ collaboration for integrated development.
- Port Infrastructure enhancement – including modernization of existing ports and setting up of new ports.
- Efficient evacuation to and from hinterland.
National Perspective Plan for Sagarmala project ensures synergy and integration with planned Industrial Corridors, Dedicated Freight Corridors, National Highway Development Programme, Industrial Clusters and SEZs. Detailed Master Plans are prepared for identified Coastal Economic Zones leading to identification of projects and preparation of their detailed project reports. Fourteen Coastal Economic Zones (CEZ) have been identified along the coastline in the National Perspective Plan of the Sagarmala programme in totality. The aim of these CEZs is to promote development of port-proximate industrial clusters. This will encourage port-led development and lead to reduction of logistics cost and time for movement of EXIM and domestic cargo while enhancing the global competitiveness of Indian manufacturing sector. This will also aid the ‘Make in India’ initiative and lead to employment generation.
Sagarmala Development Company:
For identifying port-led development projects, assisting the project Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs), bidding out projects for private sector participation, to ensure risk management measures for strategic projects and obtaining requisite approvals and clearances, Sagarmala Development Company (SDC) has been incorporated under the Companies Act 2013. SDC would be under the administrative control of the Ministry of Shipping. It will also work as the nodal agency for monitoring and coordination of all currently identified projects. SDC shall undertake the preparation of detailed master plans for Coastal Economic Zones. It shall manage the coastal community development scheme and fund the coastal community development projects.