UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK)
The Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) under Ministry of Minority Affairs has been restructured and renamed as Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK). Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK) seeks to provide better socio economic infrastructure facilities to the minority communities particularly in the field of education, health & skill development which would further lead to lessening of the gap between the national average and the minority communities with regard to backwardness parameters.
The criteria for identification of Minority Concentration Towns (MCTs) and Cluster of Villages has been rationalised under PMJVK and is based on the census of 2011:
- Earlier only those Towns which were found backward in terms of both in Basic Amenities and Socio-economic parameters were taken up as MCTs. Now, the Towns which were found backward in either or both of the criteria have been taken up as MCT.
- Now the population criteria for selection of cluster of villages has been lowered to 25% population of minority community (which was earlier at least 50%).
Funding of the Scheme:
- Funding of the scheme would be from budgetary provision of the Ministry of Minority Affairs. The recurring/maintenance expenses will be borne by the State Government/UTs/Organization.
- Special focus by earmarking funds:
- 80% resources would be earmarked for projects related to skill development, health and education.
- 33 to 40% would be specifically allocated for women centric projects.
- The PMJVK would now cover five more States/UTs namely Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland, Goa and Pondicherry (total 32 States/UTs).
- Minority Concentration Areas of 61 districts out of 115 Aspirational districts would be covered under PMJVK.
- Unit area of implementation has been further broadened by including Minority Concentration Districts Headquarters in addition to the minority concentration Blocks, Minority Concentration Towns and cluster of minority concentration villages.
- The area to be covered under PMJVK would be 57% more (308 districts) as compared to those covered under the MsDP (196 districts).
Mechanism for Monitoring:
- An online module along with geo-tagging has been included.
- All implementing agencies are to be brought under Public Finance Management System(PFMS) and its effective use to monitor fund utilization has been made.
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