Topic of the Day - National Ayush Mission

Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched the National Ayush Mission (NAM), a centrally sponsored scheme in 2014. It was launched with the basic objective of promoting Ayurveda, Yoga, Siddha & Unani and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) medical system through cost effective services, strengthening of educational systems, sustainable availability of ASU & H raw-materials and facilitate the enforcement of quality control of (ASU &H) drugs. The mission envisages flexibility of implementation of programmes leading to sustainable participation of the state governments and that of Union territories. The NAM intends to build on India’s unique heritage represented by its ancient systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Yunani, Sidhha, Unani and Homeopathy, the knowledge of preventive and promotive health care.

The union cabinet has approved the continuation of NAM till March 2020. In order to provide supporting facilities under the mission and to strengthen the AYUSH infrastructure at both attached Central and State levels, financial assistance for setting up of the Programme Management Units (PMU’s) will be provided. The PMU will consist of management and technical professionals both at Central and State level.

For effective monitoring and evaluation of the implementation, a dedicated Management Information System monitoring and evaluation cell will be established at Centre/ State level. Concurrent evaluation of the AYUSH Mission will be carried out to know the implementation progress, scope for improvement and bottlenecks. Third party evaluation after completion of two years of Mission implementation is also planned.

The traditional medicine sector has an enormous potential to interpret and resolve several health issues prevailing in the world. It is the need of the hour to escalate the promotion of traditional medicine systems as they supplement various benefits and multiplier effects in the form of employment, etc.

AYUSH stands for:

  • Ayurveda
  • Yoga
  • Naturopathy
  • Unani
  • Siddha
  • Homoeopathy

National AYUSH Mission: Background

As far as development is concerned the health sector in India has a significant role. National AYUSH Mission was constituted to address the gap in the health sector in India. The mass of the population is not getting appropriate health care in the country.  By supporting AYUSH care and education predominantly in vulnerable and far-flung areas, the government is trying to bridge this gap.

AYUSH Mission Launched by

  • National AYUSH Mission was launched by the Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • It was launched during the 12th five year Plan for implementing through States and Union Territories.

Benefits of AYUSH

  • The AYUSH framework offers certain benefits which are not seen even in other conventional medical systems.
  • Compared to other medical systems, this healthcare system is cheap and affordable.
  • The AYUSH system has lesser side effects.
  • It has proven to be effective even in chronic cases and terminal stages of diseases.
  • This medical system is very effective towards lifestyle associated disorders.
  • AYUSH health system is focused on the prevention method.

Objectives of National AYUSH Mission

  • To provide cost effective and impartial AYUSH health care.
  • To rejuvenate and promote the AYUSH medical systems.
  • To advance educational institutions capable of conveying quality AYUSH education.
  • To encourage the acceptance of quality standards of AYUSH drugs.
  • To encourage the availability of the sustained supply of AYUSH raw materials.

Features of National AYUSH Mission

  • Elements of the National AYUSH Mission
    • Obligatory Components
      • AYUSH Educational Institutions
      • AYUSH Services
      • Medicinal Plants Quality Control of ASU&H Drugs
    • Flexible Components
      • AYUSH Wellness Centres comprising Yoga and Naturopathy
      • Tele-medicine
      • IEC activities
    • Monitoring and Assessment
      • Committed MIS monitoring and assessment cell would be established at the Centre as well as State levels.

Expected Outcomes of NAM:

  • Upgradation and increase in the number of AYUSH Educational Institutions for improvement in AYUSH education.
  • Better access to AYUSH services through increased number of AYUSH Hospital and Dispensaries coverage, availability of drugs and manpower.
  • Sustained availability of quality raw-materials for AYUSH Systems of Medicine.
  • Improved availability of quality ASU & drugs through increase in the number of Pharmacies, Drug Laboratories and enforcement mechanism of ASU & drugs.

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