UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – National Ayush Mission
Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched the National Ayush Mission (NAM), a centrally sponsored scheme in 2014. It was launched with the basic objective of promoting Ayurveda, Yoga, Siddha & Unani and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) medical system through cost effective services, strengthening of educational systems, sustainable availability of ASU & H raw-materials and facilitate the enforcement of quality control of (ASU &H) drugs. The mission envisages flexibility of implementation of programmes leading to sustainable participation of the state governments and that of Union territories. The NAM intends to build on India’s unique heritage represented by its ancient systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Yunani, Sidhha, Unani and Homeopathy, the knowledge of preventive and promotive health care.
The union cabinet has approved the continuation of NAM till March 2020. In order to provide supporting facilities under the mission and to strengthen the AYUSH infrastructure at both attached Central and State levels, financial assistance for setting up of the Programme Management Units (PMU’s) will be provided. The PMU will consist of management and technical professionals both at Central and State level.
For effective monitoring and evaluation of the implementation, a dedicated Management Information System monitoring and evaluation cell will be established at Centre/ State level. Concurrent evaluation of the AYUSH Mission will be carried out to know the implementation progress, scope for improvement and bottlenecks. Third party evaluation after completion of two years of Mission implementation is also planned.
Expected Outcomes of NAM:
- Upgradation and increase in the number of AYUSH Educational Institutions for improvement in AYUSH education.
- Better access to AYUSH services through increased number of AYUSH Hospital and Dispensaries coverage, availability of drugs and manpower.
- Sustained availability of quality raw-materials for AYUSH Systems of Medicine.
- Improved availability of quality ASU & drugs through increase in the number of Pharmacies, Drug Laboratories and enforcement mechanism of ASU & drugs.