Mission Innovation

Topics on climate change and energy conservation are very important for the UPSC exam. These are current topics and are frequently present in the daily news. This article talks about the Mission Innovation for the IAS exam.

Mission Innovation is an international initiative to accelerate public and private clean energy innovation to address the issues of climate change, make clean energy economical to consumers, and generate green jobs and business opportunities. At the launch of this initiative, 20 countries committed to doubling their respective clean energy research and development over the 5 years to 2020. The member countries are the five most populous (as of 2015): China, India, the United States, Indonesia, and Brazil. All 20 launch partner countries represent 75 percent of the world’s CO2 emissions from electricity, and over 80 percent of the world’s clean energy research and development investment.

The mission has faced the criticism that it lacks a clear and dated target. This mission was announced by American businessman and philanthropist Bill Gates, on stage with Barack Obama, Narendra Modi and Francois Hollande at the United Nations Climate Change Conference 2015. It was also announced that several new technologies would be used to achieve the target, like biofuel, airborne wind turbines, carbon capture and storage, nuclear fusion and fission, production of liquid hydrocarbons from sunlight, etc.

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