National Health Mission was launched by the Government of India with the objective of addressing India’s malnutrition crisis. This mission subsumed 2 other malnutrition missions that already existed with the aim of targeting rural population and urban population. This mission was launched in the year 2013 and is implemented by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. This article covers the 4 main components of the mission, major objectives, goals, major initiatives and some of the successes of the National Health Mission.
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National Health Mission – 4 Components of the Mission
- National Rural Health Mission
- National Urban Health Mission
- Tertiary Care Programmes
- Human Resources for Health and Medical Education
National Health Mission – Major Objectives
- The mission targets to move beyond earlier missions focus on reproductive and child health
- Tackle 2 categories of diseases – Communicable and Non-Communicable
- To give a major impetus to health infrastructure facilities at District and Sub-District levels.
National Health Mission – Goals
Some of the major goals of the National Health Mission are given below.
- Total Fertility Rate (TFR) – Reduce it to 2.1
- Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) – Reduce it to 25 per 1000 live births
- Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) – Reduce it to 1 per 1000 live births
- Bring down the malaria cases to less than 1 per 1000 population.
- Prevent and reduce anaemia in women in the age bracket of 15 years to 49 years.
- Bring down cases and mortality due to tuberculosis by half.
National Health Mission – Major Initiatives
There are around 24 major initiatives under the National Health Mission.
Below table gives details of 10 Major initiatives under National Health Mission
|Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA)||
|Rogi Kalyan Samiti/Hospital Management||
|United Grants to Sub Centres (SC)||
|Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committee (VHSNC)||
|Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)||
|Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSY)||
|National Mobile Medical Units||
|National Ambulance Service||
|Comprehensive Primary Health Care||
National Health Mission – Some Major Successes
- Mission Indradhanush – It helped in increasing immunization cover by over 5% in just 1 year.
- Kayakalp Initiative – This was launched with the plan to inculcate hygiene, sanitation, effective waste management, and infection control in public health facilities. This initiative has introduced awards which resulted in significant improvement in sanitation standards.
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