National Mental Health Programe (NMHP) was started in 1982 with the objectives to ensure availability and accessibility of minimum mental health care for all, to encourage mental health knowledge and skills and to promote community participate in mental health service development and to stimulate self-help in the community.
District Mental Health Programme
During IX five year plan, District Mental Health Programme was initiated (1986) based on Bellary Model developed by NIMHANS, Bengaluru.
National Programme for Health Care of the Elderly (NPHCE):Government of India launched the “The National Programme for the Health Care of Elderly” (NPHCE) to address health related problem of elderly people, in 100 identified districts of 21 States during the 11th Plan period.
The basic aim to the NPHCE programme is to provide separate and specialized comprehensive health care to the senior citizens at various level of the state health care delivery system including outreach service. Preventive and promotive care, management of illness, health manpower development for geriatric services, medical rehabilitation & therapeutic intervention and IEC are some of the strategies envisaged in the NPHCE.
ACTIVITIES IN NORTH EAST REGION
National Rural Health Mission(NHRM) in North East: The National Rural Health Mission (2005-12) was launched to provide effective healthcare to rural population throughout the country with special focus on 18 states, which have weak public health indicators and/or weak infrastructure.
Regional Institute of Medical Science, Imphal: The Regional Institute of Medical Science
(RIMS), Imphal was established in the year 1972. It is an institution of regional importance catering mostly to the needs to the North-eastern region in the field of imparting undergraduate and post graduate medical education in all the important branches of medical specialties.
LGB Regional Institute of Mental Health, Tezpur, Assam: Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute of Mental Health (LGBRIMH) is a premier Mental Health Institute in Northeast. The Institution was established in the year 1876 and is recognized as one of the oldest centres providing quality mental health care and treatment. The Institute is mandated to be a tertiary care institute of Clinical Neuroscience and it is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
Regional Institute of Paramedical & Nursing Science, Aizawal (Mizoram):(RIPANS) was established in 1986 under North Eastern Council (NEC). The management of the Institute was taken up by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare with effect from 1st April, 2007. RIPANS caters to the education in the field of Paramedical, Nursing and Pharmacy for the various students of the whole North Eastern States.
National Programme for Control of Blindness in North East states: National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB) is being implemented in a decentralized manner through respective State/District Health Societies. Benefits of the scheme are meant for all needy population including tribal population.
National Leprosy Eradiction Programme: The problem of leprosy is very little in most of the North Eastern (NE) states except Assam. In Assam there are four districts wherein high Annual New Case Detection Rate (ANCDR) is more than 10 cases per 100,000 population.
National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme: The National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP) is being implemented in all the North Eastern States.IDD prevalence surveys have been conducted in all the states. State level IDD Control Cell and IDD Monitoring Laboratory have been set up in all the North Eastern (NE) States.
National Programme for Control of Fluorosis: The National Programme for prevention and Control of Flurosis(NPPCF) is being implemented in one district i.e.Nagaon of Assam since 2009-10.The Programme was expanded in two other district K.Long and Kamrup in 2010-11.
National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke: NPCDCS is being implemented in 100 district spread over 21 state during 2010-11 & 2011-12 including the two states of Assam and Sikkim in the North East. The districts have been selected keeping in account their backwardness, inaccessibility & poor health indicators.
International co-operation for Health & Family Welfare
World Health Organisation (WHO) is one of the main UN agencies collaborating in the Health Sector with the Ministry. WHO provides technical support in the major areas of health & Family Welfare programmes and healthcare facilities in the country.
India is the largest beneficiary country in terms of budget within the South East Asian Region. The Budget is operated on a biennial basis, calendar year wise. The Health Minister’ Meeting (HMM) and the Regional Committee (RC) Meeting of WHO-SEAR countries are held annually.
Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) is a health scheme for serving/retired Central Government employees and their families. The scheme was started in 1954.
Rashriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN)
Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi was set up under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare in 1997 to provide financial assistance to patients, living below poverty line, who are suffering from major life threatening disease to receive medical treatment in Government Hospitals. Under the scheme of Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi, grants-in-aid is also provided to State Governments for setting up State Illness Assistance Funds.
Health Minister’s Cancer Patient Fund (HMCPF)
Health Minister’s Cancer Patient Fund (HMCPF) within the Rasthriya Arogya Nidhi was set up in 2009. In order to utilize the HMCPF, a revolving fund as under RAN, has been established in the various Regional Cancer Centres (RCCs).