The size of Indian Healthcare sector is expected to reach $ 280 billion by 2020 as per some reports. Healthcare industry in India comprises hospitals, medical tourism, health insurance, medical equipment, telemedicine, outsourcing, clinical trials, medical devices.
- The multiple reasons for growth are increased diseases due to lifestyles, rising income, greater health awareness, improved access to insurance.
- As per 2016 report India had reduced the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) by around 26% since 2013.
- The hospital industry is expected to reach approximately $ 132 billion by 2022.
- 74% of expenditure in the healthcare sector comes from Private sector.
- Medical tourism segment in India is growing at the rate of 18% and it is expected to reach $ 9 billion by 2020.
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Central Government Schemes – Healthcare Sector in India
Health is a state subject, the Central Government supplements the efforts of the State Governments in delivery of health services through various schemes for primary, secondary, and tertiary care.
- By 2025, the Government of India is planning to increase the expenditure on Health care to 2.5% of the GDP.
- In the Union Budget 2020-21, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare was allocated a budget of more than Rs 65,000 crores.
- In Budget 2020-21, Government of India has approved the extension of National Health Mission with an allocated budget of around Rs 34,000 crores.
- The National Nutrition Mission has set an objective of reducing the under nutrition, problems of stunting by 2%
- The Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) – This is the largest health care program funded by the Government.
- In the Union Budget 2020-21, PMJAY was allocated a budget of more than Rs 6400 crores.
- As of Nov 2019, more than 63 lakh people have received free treatment under Ayushman Bharat – PMJAY.
- In the Union Budget 2020-21, Government of India allocated Rs 3,000 crores for Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Surakhsa Yojana (PMSSY).
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- It is a centrally sponsored scheme for underprivileged families. It can potentially cover around 50 crore beneficiaries.
- It provides coverage of up to Rs 5 lakhs per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.
- Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Mission Council (AB-NHPMC) will be established at the apex stage,chaired by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- The benefits of the scheme are portable throughout the country and a beneficiary covered by the scheme will be allowed to receive cashless benefits from any public/private hospital throughout the country.
Candidates can read in detail on Ayushman Bharat on the linked page.
Health Care Sector in India – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here
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