National Waterways in India – UPSC Exam Preparation

The Union Public Service Commission conducts Civil Services IAS Exam annually. The exam is conducted in three stages and they are – the Preliminary exam, Mains exam and the personal interview / personality test. The Prelims exam consists of two papers – General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II (CSAT Paper). Candidates should have relevant knowledge in History, Current affairs, Geography, economics, and general science to tackle the General Studies Paper I. The geography syllabus for Prelims exam consists of Indian geography and World geography.

National Waterways

Transportation plays an important role in the development of a country and it is of great significance for a developing country like India. The country is bestowed with a plethora of diverse topography which enables different kinds of transportation. India has about 14500 km of navigable waterways. This includes rivers, backwaters, canals, creeks and so on.

  • National Waterways Act came into effect in 2016. It proposed 106 additional National Waterways and merges 5 existing Acts which were declared the 5 National Waterways.
  • In 1986, the Government of India created Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) for regulation and development of Inland Waterways for navigation and shipping.
  • Out of the 111 National Waterways declared under the National Waterways Act, 2016, 13 are operational for shipping and navigation and cargo/passenger vessels are moving on them.

About the IWAI

Inland Waterways Authority of India

This body was created by the government of India in 1986 for regulating and developing inland waterways for shipping and navigation. The body chiefly undertakes development and maintenance projects of IWT infrastructure on national waterways. It undertakes these projects through grants from the Shipping Ministry. Its headquarters is in Noida. It also has regional offices in various other cities and towns across the country.

Operational National Waterways in India for UPSC

Sl. No.

NW Number

River System

Route

Length

Locations

Established

1

NW – 1

Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly

Prayagraj – Haldia

1620

Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal

1986

2

NW – 2

Brahmaputra

Sadiya-Dhubri

891

Assam

1982

3

NW – 3

West Coast Canal, Champakara Canal and Udyogamandal Canal

Kottapuram – Kollam

205

Kerala

1993

4

NW – 4

Krishna and Godavari

Kakinada–Puducherry stretch of canals, Kaluvelly Tank, Bhadrachalam – Rajahmundry, Waziraba–Vijayawada

1095

Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry

2008

5

NW – 10

Amba River

45

Maharashtra

6

NW – 83

Rajpuri Creek

31

Maharashtra

7

NW – 85

Revadanda Creek – Kundalika River System

31

Maharashtra

8

NW – 91

Shastri river–Jaigad creek system

52

Maharashtra

9

NW – 68

Mandovi – Usgaon Bridge to Arabian Sea

41

Goa

10

NW – 111

Zuari– Sanvordem Bridge to Marmugao Port

50

Goa

11

NW – 73

Narmada River

226

Gujarat and Maharashtra

12

NW – 100

Tapi River

436

Gujarat and Maharashtra

13

NW – 97 (Sundarbans Waterways)

Namkhana to AtharaBankiKhal

Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Route

172

West Bengal

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