National Waterways in India - UPSC Exam Preparation

The Union Public Service Commission conducts the Civil Services IAS Exam annually. The exam is conducted in three stages and they are – the Preliminary exam, Mains exam and the personal interview/personality test. The Prelims exam consists of two papers – General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper-II (CSAT Paper). Candidates should have relevant knowledge in History, Current affairs, Geography, economics, and general science to tackle the General Studies Paper I. The geography syllabus for Prelims exam consists of Indian geography and World geography.

National Waterways

Transportation plays an important role in the development of a country and it is of great significance for a developing country like India. The country is bestowed with a plethora of diverse topography which enables different kinds of transportation. India has about 14500 km of navigable waterways. This includes rivers, backwaters, canals, creeks and so on.

  • National Waterways Act came into effect in 2016. It proposed 106 additional National Waterways and merges 5 existing Acts which were declared the 5 National Waterways.
  • In 1986, the Government of India created Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) for regulation and development of Inland Waterways for navigation and shipping.
  • Out of the 111, National Waterways declared under the National Waterways Act, 2016, 13 are operational for shipping and navigation and cargo/passenger vessels are moving on them.

National Waterways in India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

About the IWAI

Inland Waterways Authority of India

This body was created by the government of India in 1986 for regulating and developing inland waterways for shipping and navigation. The body chiefly undertakes development and maintenance projects of IWT infrastructure on national waterways. It undertakes these projects through grants from the Shipping Ministry. Its headquarters is in Noida. It also has regional offices in various other cities and towns across the country.

Operational National Waterways in India for UPSC

Sl. No. NW Number River System Route Length Locations Established
1 NW – 1 Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly Prayagraj – Haldia 1620 Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal 1986
2 NW – 2 Brahmaputra Sadiya-Dhubri 891 Assam 1982
3 NW – 3 West Coast Canal, Champakara Canal and Udyogamandal Canal Kottapuram – Kollam 205 Kerala 1993
4 NW – 4 Krishna and Godavari Kakinada–Puducherry stretch of canals, Kaluvelly Tank, Bhadrachalam – Rajahmundry, Waziraba–Vijayawada 1095 Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry 2008
5 NW – 10 Amba River 45 Maharashtra
6 NW – 83 Rajpuri Creek 31 Maharashtra
7 NW – 85 Revadanda Creek – Kundalika River System 31 Maharashtra
8 NW – 91 Shastri river–Jaigad creek system 52 Maharashtra
9 NW – 68 Mandovi – Usgaon Bridge to Arabian Sea 41 Goa
10 NW – 111 Zuari– Sanvordem Bridge to Marmugao Port 50 Goa
11 NW – 73 Narmada River 226 Gujarat and Maharashtra
12 NW – 100 Tapi River 436 Gujarat and Maharashtra
13 NW – 97 (Sundarbans Waterways) Namkhana to AtharaBankiKhal Indo-Bangladesh Protocol Route 172 West Bengal

National Waterways in India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

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