Difference between Urban and Rural

Difference between Urban and Rural is explained here in detail. Rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities. Cities, towns and suburbs are classified as Urban areas. Typically, Urban areas have high population density and rural areas have low population density. This article is important from the perspective of getting a clear distinction between Urban vs Rural areas.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

Difference between Urban and Rural – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Difference between Urban and Rural

The major differences between Urban and Rural are:

Urban  Rural 
Urban areas usually refer to cities, suburbs and towns.  Rural areas usually refer to villages
Urban areas have more development in terms of access to infrastructure and connectivity like airports, ports, railways, housing, roads etc. Rural areas usually don’t have much development in terms of infrastructure. 
Land in urban areas is used for development activities. There is usually not much land available which has not been used for developmental activities Rural areas usually have a lot of vacant lands without much development.
Urban areas are densely populated Rural areas are sparsely populated
As of 2018, approximately 34% of India’s population lives in urban areas More than 65% of India’s population lives in rural areas as per 2018 figures. From 2008 to 2018 there has been a steady decline in the percentage of the population living in rural areas of India, due to migration.
Although the total population living in urban areas is much less compared to Rural areas, the population density is very high in urban areas The population density is less in rural areas compared to urban areas.
Urban areas have a scarcity of land Rural areas do not have land scarcity.
There is very high pollution in urban areas due to high population density, vehicles and industries. There is not much pollution in rural areas compared to urban areas, due to lesser vehicles, lower population density and lesser industries
There is not much greenery in urban areas of India, since most of the land is occupied by buildings and roads There is more greenery in rural areas of India
Jobs are concentrated in the services industry, manufacturing industry, trade and commerce Jobs are concentrated in agricultural activities.
In urban areas, the problem of social barriers is minimal, there are equal opportunities for jobs, education etc.  In rural areas of India, there is always a lot of difference in social status in rural areas due to gender, religion, caste, culture etc. 

These are the main differences between Urban and Rural. The differences given in the above table can help the UPSC Civil Service Exam aspirants to make easier distinctions on topics related to Urban Vs Rural.

After learning about the Urban and Rural areas, it is better to know more details of urbanisation in India, Infrastructure development in India, Resurgent India published in different editions of Yojana Magazine. Also learn more about Rural Prosperity, Agricultural reforms, and agro-based industries; published in editions of Kurukshetra Magazines. Visit the below-given links to learn about Urbanisation in India, Rural Prosperity, Infrastructure Development in India, Agricultural reforms etc.

Candidates are advised to diligently study the Indian Economy Notes while preparing for UPSC Civil Service Examination.

Difference between Urban and Rural – UPSC Notes:- Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions about Urban and Rural Areas

What is a rural area?

A rural area is an open swath of land that has few homes or other buildings, and not very many people. A rural areas population density is very low. Many people live in a city, or urban area. Hamlets, villages, towns, and other small settlements are in or surrounded by rural areas

How is an area classified as urban and rural in India?

The Census Bureau delineates urban areas after each decennial census by applying specified criteria to decennial census and other data. “Rural” encompasses all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area.

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2021.

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