Major Crops India for UPSC IAS Prelims Examination

India has a great history of agrarian culture. Agriculture is the soul of rural India. It is an ancient form of economic activity in our country. It also contributes a significant figure to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In UPSC IAS Exam also, it is an important part of the Indian economy and Indian geography. As the UPSC asks factual questions according to the recent trend, this year also aspirant can expect similar questions.

To ease the UPSC IAS Exam preparation we are giving major crops and states in India. Along with major crops, aspirants should know the crop variety, the different types of soil suitable for that crop and the states producing the crop. This is an important topic in Geography for UPSC IAS Exam.

Major Crops in India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

In this article, you will read all about Major Crops of India for the Civil Services Exam.

Aspirants can cover the topics mentioned in the UPSC Syllabus by following the below-mentioned links:

Crops in India IAS

India is diverse in all spheres. The country is bestowed with a plethora of flora fauna. The crops in India have divided four categories. They are:

Categories Crops
Cash Crops Spices, Tobacco, Cotton, Oilseeds etc
Plantation Crops Rubber, Coffee, Coconut and Tea
Food Crops Rice, Wheat, Maize, Pulses and Millets
Horticulture Vegetables and fruits

Aspirants can check out detailed information on the relevant topics given below for the preparation of the upcoming Civil Services exam even better –


Major cropping Seasons in India Rabi and Kharif Crops Crop Diversification – Origin, Analysis, Effect 
High Yield Crops in India – Benefits, Disadvantages List of Agricultural Revolutions in India Millets in India
Aerobic Rice Cultivation – Uses , Features, Areas Vertical Farming: Origins, Advantages Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices
Minimum Support Price, MSP in agriculture  Genetically Modified Crops Farm Acts, 2020 – Arguments For & Against
RSTV The Big Picture: Does India’s Agriculture Policy need a Relook?  National Agriculture Market (NAM) Smart Agriculture Conclave

Major Crops Grown in India

Crops Varieties Soil type producers
Rice (Kharif, Rabi) Aman, Sali, Afghani, Aus, Boro, Clay or Loamy soil West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu,

Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, and Assam

Wheat (Rabi) Kalyan Sona, Heera and Sonalika Sandy loam, Clay loam Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, West Bengal, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra,  and Gujarat
Cotton (Kharif) Short Staple

Medium Staple Long Staple

Black soil Maharashtra,  Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha

Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, and  Punjab

Jute(Zaid) Tossa Jute and White Jute Sandy and Clay Loam West Bengal, Odisha, Bihar, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh
Sugarcane(Kharif, Rabi) Clayey Loamy Soil, and Red Loamy Soil Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Punjab
Tea   Loamy soil acidic in nature and rich in organic matter Assam, Darjeeling (West Bengal), Meghalaya, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Karnataka
Coffee Arabica and Robusta Well-drained forest loam Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Odisha, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland

Major Crops in India (UPSC Notes):- Download PDF Here

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