High Yield Crops or HYC are agricultural crops that have been genetically modified or bred or fertilized to raise their yields of production. The world’s growing population depends on the agricultural industry’s capability to produce HYC and fibre crops for its health and well-being.
During prehistoric times, people discovered that the seeds of particular wild grasses could be gathered and sown under predetermined conditions and ultimately be harvested for food. Regions in Asia, Mesopotamia, India, Mexico, Egypt, South and Central America had started agricultural practices well before 6000 years ago.
HYC have prompted monoculture farming which is the growing of one crop over a vast expanse of area which has led to resourceful and mechanised methods of farming with lesser number of workers.
A new variety of arhar dal has been developed by scientists from the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI). This new variety matures in a hundred and twenty days and delivers 20 quintal/hectare yield. In addition, it is suitable for mechanical combine harvesting. The new variety is a dwarf semi-erect plant and so makes the application of pesticides simpler. Also, the whole arhar crop can be harvested at one go by making use of combined harvesting.