Constitutional, Statutory and Quasi-Judicial Bodies

Constitutional Bodies in India UPSC

This unit has been covered under the following segments-



1. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
1. Planning Commission Of India
2. State Public Service Commission
2. National Development Council (NDC)
3. Joint State Public Service Commission
3. Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)
4. The Comptroller And Auditor General Of India
4. National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)
5. Election Commission Of India
5. National Commission For Women (NCW)
6. Finance Commission Of India
6. National Commission For Backward Classes (NCBC)
7. National Commission For Scheduled Castes (NCSC)
7. Special Officer For Linguistic Minorities
8. National Commission For Scheduled Tribes (NCST)
8. University Grant Commission (UGC)
9. Attorney-General Of India

3. Major Regulatory Bodies
4. Major Quasi-Judicial Bodies

1. Agricultural Costs And Prices Commission
1. Central Information Commission (CIC)
2. Securities And Exchange Board Of India (SEBI)
2. The State Information Commission (SIC)
3. Insurance Development And Regulatory Authority (IDRA)
3. National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
4. Telecom Regulatory Authority Of India (TRAI)
4. Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT)
5. The Competition Commission of India (CCI)
5. National Green Tribunal (NGT)

Description of the above segments has been laid down below.

Introduction

Under the Constitution the President makes a number of constitutional appointments. But in reality he exercises this power on the recommendation of the Cabinet. Who is to be appointed and at what place, it is the Cabinet which decided. The President appoints Governor of States, ambassadors and members of a number of Commissions. The invisible finger behind all these appointments is, however, of the Cabinet Generally speaking, the Prime Minister consults his other colleagues before the making of such appointments. In fact, Cabinet accepts the appointments made by the Prime Minister. The Constitutional Bodies in India are formed by the Constitution which helps the Government to run properly. Each of these permanent or semi-permanent organizations is responsible for the administration of specific functions. Some additional bodies help them by providing advisory functions. Constitutional Bodies in India are the permanent or semi-permanent organization within the machinery of government. These bodies are responsible to look after the administration of specific functions. The functions of these bodies are normally executive in character. Moreover, different types of organization or commissions are used for advisory functions. The bodies are of national importance and help in the effective function of the government. India is a Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic and after independence, the introduction of the independent bodies as a part of the government helped the country. These constitutional or independent bodies have extensive administrative functions. The chief of these bodies are either appointed by the president of India or the Prime Minister serve as the chairman.

Appointments to Various Constitutional Posts

The Constitution of India enumerates the setting up of following major constitutional bodies and has given appointment to various constitutional posts. We will discuss about the appointment to various constitutional posts in India and discuss their powers, functions and responsibilities according to the constitution in great detail. The major constitutional bodies dealt herein are – 1. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) 2. State Public Service Commission 3. Joint State Public Service Commission 4. The Comptroller And Auditor General Of India 5. Election Commission Of India 6. Finance Commission Of India 7. National Commission For Scheduled Castes (NCSC) 8. National Commission For Scheduled Tribes (NCST) 9. Attorney-General Of India (Article- 76)

A Constitutional body is set up under specific instructions given in the Constitution. It is mandatory for the government to set up such a body and it cannot dispense off with it easily when it becomes uncomfortable. Such bodies or institutions are written into the Constitution of a nation and can’t be abolished without amending that part of the Constitution which sometimes also requires consent of the states. And also can be invalidated by the Supreme court.