Constitutional Bodies - AGI, CAG, ECI, FCI, NCSC, NCST, UPSC & SPSC

Constitutional bodies derive their powers and authorities from the Constitution of India. They are mentioned in the Constitution. Since they get their power from the Indian Constitution, any change in the mechanism of the constitutional bodies would require a constitutional amendment.

This is an important topic for the IAS exam. Here below, you can get a list of the Constitutional Bodies in India.

List of Constitutional Bodies

The list of constitutional bodies in India along with the article pertaining to it in the Constitution and other details are given below:

  • Attorney General of India

Attorney General
Article in the Constitution 76
Tenure & Removal Holds office during the pleasure of the President
Further Appointment Yes
Powers
  • Privileges of an MP
  • Right of an audience in all Indian courts
  • Can attend both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha but cannot vote

To read more about the Attorney General of India, check the linked article.

  • Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)

Comptroller & Auditor General of India
Articles 148
Tenure & removal
  • Holds the office for six years or 65 years (whichever comes earlier)
  • Removal is the same as for a judge of the Supreme Court
Further appointment No
Powers
  • Audits accounts concerned with the Contingency Fund, the Consolidated Fund of India and states,  and the Public Accounts Fund of the states and centre.
  • Advisory function with respect to accounts to the country’s President

To read more about Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG), follow the linked article.

  • Election Commission

Election Commission of India
Article 324
Composition CEC/Chief Election Commissioner, Other Election Commissioners
Tenure & removal Presently for 6 years or 65 years, whichever is earlier
Further appointment Yes
Powers
  • Conduct of free and fair elections in India
  • Political parties’ registration
  • Overseeing elections

Read more about Election Commission of India in the linked article.

  • Finance Commission

Finance Commission of India
Article 280
Composition Chairman, Four members
Further appointment Yes
Powers
  • Decides the basis for sharing the divisible taxes by the centre and the states
  • Any matter in the interest of sound finance can be referred to the President
  • evaluates the rise in the Consolidated Fund of a state in order to affix the resources of the state Municipalities and Panchayats
  • FC has the powers of a civil court

Read in detail about Finance Commission of India in the linked article.

  • National Commission for Scheduled Castes

National Commission for Scheduled Castes
Articles 338
Composition Chairman, Vice-chairman, 3 other members
Tenure & removal 3 years
Further appointment Yes
Powers
  • It is a quasi-judicial body
  • Monitoring and reporting about the implementation of constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Castes
  • It has a civil court’s powers

Read more about on National Commission for Scheduled Caste (NCSC) in the linked article.

  • National Commission for Scheduled Tribes

National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
Articles 338-A
Composition Chairman, Vice-chairman, 3 other members
Tenure & removal 3 years
Further appointment Yes
Powers
  • It is a quasi-judicial body
  • Monitoring and reporting about the implementation of constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes
  • It has a civil court’s powers

Read more about National Commission on Scheduled Tribes (NCST) in the linked article.

  • Special officer for Linguistic Minorities

Special officer for Linguistic Minorities
Articles 350 B
Composition Commissioner, Deputy Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner
Tenure and removal Pleasure of the President
Further appointment Yes
Powers Monitoring and reporting the working of constitutional safeguards for linguistic minorities

Aspirants can read about Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities in the linked article.

  • Union Public Service Commission

Union Public Service Commission
Articles 315 – 323
Composition 9 to 11 members
Tenure & removal Presently for 6 years or 65 years (whichever is earlier) whichever is earlier
Further Appointment UPSC Chairman is not eligible for a second term. Other members are eligible only for an appointment within SPSC and UPSC
Powers Recruitment of All India Services, public services of centrally administered territories, Central services, advisory powers

Read in detail about the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in the linked article.

  • State Public Service Commission

State Public Service Commission
Articles 315 – 323
Tenure & removal Presently for 6 years or 62 years, whichever is earlier

Also, read about the Joint Public Service Commission in the linked article.

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