Constitutional Bodies

Constitutional bodies are important bodies in India that derive their powers and authorities from the Indian constitution. They are mentioned in the Constitution. Since they get their power from the constitution, any change in the mechanism of the constitutional bodies would require a constitutional amendment.

This is an important topic for the IAS exam. Here below, you can get a list of the Constitutional Bodies in India.

List of Constitutional Bodies

The list of constitutional bodies in India along with the article pertaining to it in the Constitution, and other details are given below.

Attorney General

Articles

76

Tenure and removal

Holds office during the pleasure of the President

Further appointment

Yes

Powers

  • Privileges of an MP
  • Right of audience in all courts in India
  • Can attend both Houses of Parliament but cannot vote

Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)

Articles

148

Tenure and removal

  • Holds office for six years or 65 years (whichever comes earlier)
  • Removal is same as for an SC judge

Further appointment

No

Powers

  • Audits accounts related to the Consolidated Fund of India and states, the Contingency Fund and the Public Accounts Fund of the centre and states.
  • Advisory role regarding accounts to the President

Election Commission

Article

324

Composition

Chief Election Commissioner, Other Election Commissioners

Tenure and removal

Presently for 6 years or 65 years (whichever is earlier) whichever is earlier

Further appointment

Yes

Powers

  • Conducting free and fair elections in India
  • Registration of political parties
  • Overseeing elections

Finance Commission

Article

280

Composition

Chairman, four members

Further appointment

Yes

Powers

  • Decides the basis for sharing the divisible taxes by the centre and the states
  • Any matter in the interest of sound finance can be referred to the President
  • evaluates the rise in the Consolidated Fund of a state in order to affix the resources of the state Panchayats and Municipalities
  • FC has the powers of a civil court

National Commission for Scheduled Castes

Articles

338

Composition

Chairman, Vice-chairman, 3 other members

Tenure and removal

3 years

Further appointment

Yes

Powers

  • It is a quasi-judicial body
  • Monitoring and reporting the working of constitutional safeguards for SCs
  • It has the powers of a civil court

National Commission for Scheduled Tribes

Articles

338-A

Composition

Chairman, Vice-chairman, 3 other members

Tenure and removal

3 years

Further appointment

Yes

Powers

  • It is a quasi-judicial body
  • Monitoring and reporting the working of constitutional safeguards for STs
  • It has the powers of a civil court

Special officer for Linguistic Minorities

Articles

350 B

Composition

Commissioner, Deputy Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner

Tenure and removal

Pleasure of the President

Further appointment

Yes

Powers

Monitoring and reporting the working of constitutional safeguards for linguistic minorities

Union Public Service Commission

Articles

315 – 323

Composition

9 to 11 members

Tenure and removal

Presently for 6 years or 65 years (whichever is earlier) whichever is earlier

Further Appointment

Chairman of UPSC is not eligible for another term. Members are eligible only for appointment within SPSC and UPSC

Powers

Recruitment of All India Services, Central services, public services of centrally administered territories, advisory powers

State Public Service Commission

Articles

315 – 323

Tenure and removal

Presently for 6 years or 65 years (whichever is earlier) whichever is earlier

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