The National Commission for Backward Classes was formed on 14th August 1993 as a statutory body. It was formed under the National Commission for Backward Classes Act of 1993. The commission came into being as a result of the Supreme Court’s direction on the Mandal case judgement. As per the commission, in 2006, the central list of OBCs now figure 5013 castes which are termed ‘backward castes’. This is not including the UT figures. In October 2015, the commission proposed that an OBC person having an annual family income of up to Rs.15 lakhs be considered the minimum ceiling for OBC. The commission also proposed the subdivision of the OBC category into ‘backward’, ‘most backward’ and ‘extremely backward’ blocs. It also recommended the 27% quota to be divided amongst them in proportion to their population so that the stronger OBCs do not take up all the benefits of the quota system.
Powers, Functions and Responsibilities
Grounds on which the National Commission for Backward Classes may be appointed are- (1) The President of India may by order appoint a Commission consisting of such persons as he thinks fit to investigate the conditions of the socially and educationally backward classes within the territory of India and the difficulties under which they labour and to make recommendations as to the steps that should be taken by the Union or any State to remove such difficulties and to improve their condition and as to the grants that should be made for the purpose by the Union or any State and the conditions subject to which such grants should be made, and the order appointing such Commission shall define the procedure to be followed by the Commission. (2) A Commission, so appointed, shall investigate the matters referred to them and present to the President a report stating the facts as found by them and make appropriate recommendations. (3) The President shall cause a copy of the report so presented together with a memorandum explaining the action taken thereon to be laid before each house of Parliament.