What is the Status of Tribal Population in India?

The states and Union Territories (UT’s) with no tribal population in India are given below.

  1. Punjab
  2. Haryana
  3. Delhi
  4. Pondicherry
  5. Chandigarh

As per Census 2011, Scheduled Tribe constitutes 8.6% of India’s population. Rural areas constitute 11.3% of the tribal population and urban areas constitute only 2.8% of the tribal population.

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Which States and UT’s have Majority of the Population as Tribal Population?

The following states and Union Territory (UT) have a majority tribal population.

  1.  Mizoram (94.4%)
  2. Lakshadweep (94.4%)
  3. Meghalaya (86.1%)
  4. Nagaland (86.5%)

What are the Literacy Trends of Tribal Population?

Literacy is always an important indicator of development. In the year 1961, the percentage of literacy among the tribal population was only at 8.5%. As per Census 2011, the literacy rate among tribal population has increased to 63.1%. The literacy rate among Male Scheduled Tribe (ST) population increased from around 13% in 1961 to 71% in 2011. The literacy rate among Female ST population increased from around 3% in 1961 to around 54% in 2011. Post Independence the legislations enacted and funds allocated by Government has resulted in the increase of literacy and gross enrollment ratio of boys and girls.

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What are the Main Problems associated with the Education of Tribal Population?

There are multiple issues which are acting as obstacles in the faster progress of literacy levels among the tribal population. The list of issues are given below.

  1. Language – The medium of instruction in schools is one of the most important obstacle.
  2. Economic condition prevents the parents from sending their children to school, parents prefer their children to help them in their work and supplement their income.
  3. Availability of teachers in remote tribal areas is a big recurring problem.
  4. Location of villages – The schools located in villages is a  barrier for tribal students who live in far flung areas with absolutely no access to transportation.

Tribes of Different States in India

Tribes of India & Tribal Welfare


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UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-II Strategy, Syllabus & Structure Topic-Wise General Studies Paper – 2 Questions for UPSC Mains
UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-I Strategy, Syllabus & Structure Topic-Wise General Studies Paper – 1 Questions for UPSC Mains
Previous Years Indian Society Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper – 1 Previous Years Social Justice Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper – 2 

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