Which is the Largest Tribe in India?

Bhil is the largest tribal group in India as per 2011 Census. They constitute approximately 38% of the total scheduled tribal population of India. Bhil tribes are found in the states of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, as well as in Tripura. The language spoken by this tribe is Bhil. They also speak other languages like Marathi and Gujarati.

Aspirants would find this topic very helpful in the IAS Exam.

Which State has the Highest Tribal Population?

Madhya Pradesh has the highest tribal population in India as per 2011 Census. The list of top 10 ranked states with the highest tribal population are given below.

  1. Madhya Pradesh
  2. Orissa
  3. Maharashtra
  4. Rajasthan
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Gujarat
  7. Jharkhand
  8. Andhra Pradesh
  9. West Bengal
  10. Karnataka

What is Bhil Art?

The tribal art of Bhil tribes in India is called Bhil Art. The theme of the art is simple everyday life in this tribe. Neem twigs are used as brushes to create their art. The pigments are made from natural materials like leaves and flowers. The very interesting feature of Bhil art are the dots which cover the entire plain background. Dots are repeated in beautiful patterns and colors. The group of dots are symbolism for deity or ancestors.

Who is Gond?

Gonds are the Scheduled Tribes of India, who are located in the Central and South-Central India. Gond tribes can be found in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh. Gonds worship village deities, they don’t have a uniform culture. They speak the language that is dominant in the region, and majority speak a dialect named Gondi, an unwritten language.

 

Tribes of India & Tribal Welfare

 

 

The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.

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