UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Bureau of Indian Standards Act 2016
The Bureau of Indian Standards Act 2016 notified in March 2016 is now brought into effect by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution. The act replaces the erstwhile Bureau of Indian Standards Act 1986. The new act intends to ensure that the consumers are made available, quality services and products. It also lays focus on enhancing the ‘Make in India’ campaign and ensuring ease of doing business in the country.
- For the purpose of marking, standardization and certification of goods and processes, the act calls for establishment of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) as the National Standards Body of India.
- The extent of applicability of BIS has been widened in the present act. It has been made compulsory for certain notified goods, processes and articles to carry the standard mark granted by BIS.
- Hallmarking of the precious metals has been made mandatory. The hallmark is to contain the proportion of precious metal in the article as per the Indian Standards
- The act encompasses enabling provisions for the government to bring any processes, services, system or goods and articles of any scheduled industry under mandatory certification regime to ensure national security, protection of plant, animal and human health or for public interest etc.
- As per the Act, the Centre is allowed to appoint any agency or authority to certify the authenticity of products and services to a specified standard and grant the certificate of conformity, in addition to the BIS
- Various forms of simplified schemes for conformity assessment are allowed under the new Act. Ex: Self- declaration of conformity with established standards.
- If the BIS has sufficient reasons to believe that the goods already sent out to the market for supply do not conform to the requirements of an established standard, it has the right to recall such goods.
- Provisions are made to alter, recall or repair such products bearing the BIS mark not in conformity with the Indian standards.
- Appeals regarding the grant of license and certificate, compounding of offences has to be made before the Directorate General of BIS. Further appeal against the Directorate General of BIS can be made to the Central Government.
- Company committing offence whether with or without their consent, knowledge or convenience will be presumed to be guilty. The person in charge of the company will be held responsible.