National Ganga Council - UPSC Notes

The National Ganga Council was formed in 2016. It is an important body, which is responsible for various government schemes regarding the cleaning up of River Ganga. In this article, you can read all about the National Ganga Council, its formation, mandate, composition and functions for the IAS exam.

Aspirants can find information on the structure and other important details related to the IAS Exam, in the linked article.

National Ganga Council

The full name of the Council is ‘National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga’.  

  • It was formed under the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities Order, 2016.
  • This Order dissolved the National Ganga River Basin Authority and replaced it with the National Ganga Council.
  • This Council has the overall responsibility of preventing pollution and rejuvenating the Ganga River Basin, including the River Ganga and its tributaries.
  • Its jurisdiction extends to the states which comprise of the Ganga River Basin namely, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Haryana, Jharkhand and Delhi-NCR, and any other states having the major tributaries of the Ganga.
  • It is chiefly responsible for the implementation of the National Mission for Clean Ganga.

National Ganga Council Composition

The following are the members of the National Ganga Council:

  1. Prime Minister – Chairperson
  2. Union Minister for Jal Shakti – Vice-Chairperson
  3. Union Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change 
  4. Union Minister for Finance
  5. Union Minister for Power
  6. Union Minister for Housing and Urban Affairs 
  7. Union Minister for Science and Technology
  8. Union Minister for Rural Development
  9. Union Minister of State for Tourism 
  10. Union Minister for Shipping
  11. Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog
  12. Chief Minister, Jharkhand 
  13. Chief Minister, Bihar
  14. Chief Minister, Uttarakhand 
  15. Chief Minister, Uttar Pradesh
  16. Chief Minister, West Bengal 
  17. Secretary, Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation  
  18. Secretary, Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation 
  19. Secretary, Department of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare
  20. Secretary, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs 
  21. Director-General, National Mission for Clean Ganga 

National Ganga Council Functions

The chief function of the Council is the implementation of the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) and the Namami Gange programme of the government. This includes preventing pollution in the Ganga River Basin, and rejuvenating the Basin by various activities such as improving the vegetation, ensuring continuity of water flow, restoring and maintaining the surface flow and also groundwater, conserving the aquatic and riparian biodiversity of the region, and cleaning up the area.

The NMCG will comply with the directions and decisions of the Council and execute the Ganga Basin Management Plan approved by it.

National Ganga Council – Indian Polity:- Download PDF Here

Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Exams by visiting the UPSC Syllabus 2020 page.

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