The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number Scheme or the ULPIN Scheme is the next step in the Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme of the Government of India. Government schemes are an important part of the UPSC syllabus. Every year, questions are asked on various schemes of the government in the UPSC prelims exam.
What is ULPIN?
The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) is a 14-digit identification number accorded to a plot of land.
- It is an alpha-numeric unique ID for each land parcel that contains ownership details of the plot besides its size and longitudinal & latitudinal details.
- It is part of the Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme (DILRMP), a programme that had been initiated in 2008.
- The identification will be based on the longitude and latitude coordinates of the land parcel, and depends on detailed surveys and geo-referenced cadastral maps.
- The number is developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC).
- The ULPIN scheme was rolled out in 2021 in ten Indian states. The government plans to launch it in all states and UTs by March 2022.
- The idea behind the program is to check land fraud, especially in the rural hinterlands of India, where there are no clear land records and often, land records are ambiguous and land ownership disputed.
- It will eventually integrate its land records database with revenue court records and bank records, as well as Aadhaar numbers on a voluntary basis.
- It is being touted as ‘Aadhar for Land’.
- Proper land statistics and land accounting through the ULPIN scheme will aid in developing land banks and usher in the Integrated Land Information Management System (ILIMS).
ULPIN Scheme Benefits
The major benefit of having the ULPIN is that all land records and consequently transactions will be transparent. It will help keep land records up-to-date. It will also be easier to share land records across departments, financial institutions and all stakeholders. Through this, it will be possible to deliver land records services to citizens through a single window. The scheme will also protect government land, not to mention, make land acquisitions easier. According to the government, it is also a cost-effective approach. Linking Aadhaar with land records through ULPIN would cost ₹3 per record, while seeding and authentication of landowner Aadhaar data would cost ₹5 each.
Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme
The Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme (DILRMP) is a central sector scheme that was initiated in 2008. It was formed as a result of the merger of two schemes that the Land Reforms (LR) Division under the Dept of Land Resources (Ministry of Rural Development) was running, namely, the Computerisation of Land Records (CLR) & Strengthening of Revenue Administration and Updating of Land Records (SRA&ULR).
The State Governments/UT Administrations will execute the programme with technical and financial support from the Land Resources Department. The district will be the unit of implementation.
Aims of the DILRMP:
- Usher in a system of updated land records
- Automated and automatic mutation
- Integration between textual and spatial records
- Inter-connectivity between revenue and registration
- Replace the present deeds registration and presumptive title system with that of conclusive titling with title guarantee
- Computerization of land records
- Computerization of Registration
- Citizens will get real-time land ownership records.
- Since the records will be placed on the websites with proper security IDs, property owners will have free access to their records without any compromise in the confidentiality of the information.
- Free access to the records will reduce rent-seeking and harassment because of the reduced interface between citizens and government functionaries.
- Abolition of stamp papers and payment of stamp duty and registration fees through banks, etc. will also reduce interface with the registration machinery.
- The time taken for obtaining RoR (record of right), etc. will be reduced because of IT inter-linkages.
- Automatic and automated mutations will significantly reduce the scope of fraudulent property deals.
- Conclusive titling will also significantly reduce litigation.
- Citizens will have better access to credit facilities and information such as market value.
ULPIN Scheme:- Download PDF Here
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