The State Information Commission - An Overview of Structure, Appointment,Functions

The State Information Commission (SIC) is a quasi-judicial body. Right to Information Act provides provisions for creation of State Information Commission. This article briefly helps you understand the structure of SIC, members, procedure for appointments, powers and functions.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam.

State Information Commission – Members, Appointment

The Right to Information Act of 2005 provides for the creation of not only the Central Information Commission but also a State Information Commission at the state level. Accordingly, all the states have constituted the State Information Commissions through Official Gazette Notifications. The State Information Commission is a high powered independent body which inter-alia looks into the complaints made to it and decide the appeals. It entertains complaints and appeals pertaining to offices, financial institutions, public sector undertakings, etc., under the concerned state government. The Commission consists of a State Chief Information Commissioner and not more than ten State Information Commissioners. They are appointed by the Governor on the recommendation of a committee consisting of the Chief Minister as Chairperson, the Leader of Opposition in the Legislative Assembly and a State Cabinet Minister nominated by the Chief Minister. They should be persons of eminence in public life with wide knowledge and experience in law, science and technology, social service, management, journalism, mass media or administration and governance. They should not be a Member of Parliament or Member of the Legislature of any State or Union Territory. They should not hold any other office of profit or connected with any political party or carrying on any business.

State Information Commission – Quasi-Judicial Powers and Functions

The quasi-judicial powers and functions of the State Information Commission are: 1. The Commission must receive and inquire into a complaint from any person: 2. The Commission can order inquiry into any matter if there are reasonable grounds (suo-moto power). 3. While inquiring, the Commission has the powers of a civil court in respect of civil matters: 4. During the inquiry of a complaint, the Commission may examine any record which is under the control of the public authority and no such record may be withheld from it on any grounds. In other words, all public records must be given to the Commission during inquiry for examination. 5. The Commission has the power to secure compliance of its decisions from the public authority. 6. The Commission submits an annual report to the State Government on the implementation of the provisions of this Act. The State Government places this report before the State Legislature.


The above details would help candidates prepare for UPSC 2020.

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