UPSC Exam: List of Indian Government Commissions – Part I

A commission is a group of people entrusted by the government to implement a specific task or objective. It can either be long-term or specified to carry out a short-term objective. Long-term commissions are called permanent commissions. Those commissions mandated to carry out a specific task are called ad-hoc commissions. This is an important part of polity preparation for the UPSC civil services. This article gives the list of Indian government commissions for UPSC polity preparation.

List of Committees and Commissions in India

Permanent Commissions



Central Information Commission

To receive and inquire into complaints from aggrieved persons.

Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)

To address and probe offences by Central Government officers, officers of societies, corporation and local authority under the Central Government.

Atomic Energy Commission of India

To look after atomic energy activities in India.

Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP)

To give meaningful real income levels to farmers; and to help farmers adopt technology for increased productivity.

National Commission for Backward Classes

To consider inclusions in and exclusions from the lists of communities notified as backward for the purpose of job reservations and tenders needful advice to the Central Government on such matters.

National Commission on Cattle

To recommend ways to improve cattle condition in India.

National Commission for Women

To protect and promote the interests of women in India.

Competition Commission of India

To enforce The Competition Act, 2002 all over India.

Telecom Commission

To deal with various aspects of telecommunications.

National Statistical Commission (NCS)

To reduce the problems faced by statistical agencies with regard to collection of data.

Election Commission

To administer the election process all over India.

Law Commission

To reform the law for promoting justice in the society.

Chief Labour Commissioner

To enforce labour laws and other labour related issues.

Planning Commission

To formulate the five-year plans.

Finance Commission

To define financial relations between the centre and the states.

Knowledge Commission (defunct)

To advice the PMO on policy related to education, research institutes and reforms needed to make India competitive.

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

To protect and promote human rights.

University Grants Commission (UGC)

To provide recognition to universities in India, disburse funds and maintain standards in university education.


Scheduled Tribes Commission

To protect and develop the condition of STs in India.

Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector

To address the issues faced by enterprises in the unorganised sector.

National Forest Commission

To review and assess the existing forest policy.

Electronics Commission

To deal with the various aspects of electronics industry.

Central Water Commission               

To manage schemes for control, conservation and utilisation of water resources throughout the country.

Commission for Additional Sources of Energy

To formulate and implement policies and programmes for development of new and renewable energy, and also conduct R&D in this area.

National Flood  Commission (Rashtriya Barh Ayog)

To evolve a coordinated, integrated and scientific approach to the flood control problems in the country.

Indo-Bangladesh Joint Rivers Commission (JRC)

To maintain liaison in order to ensure the most effective joint effort in maximizing the benefits from common river systems between India and Bangladesh.

Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)

To plan, promote, organise, facilitate and assist in the establishment and development of khadi and village industries in rural areas.

National judicial appointments commission

It deals with the transfer of judges to higher judiciary.

Staff Selection Commission

To recruit staff for various posts in the Ministries and Departments of the Union Government.

Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC)

To give recommendations regarding the public administration system of India.


To continue reading, click on the link below:

List of Indian Government Commissions for UPSC Polity Preparation – Part II

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