Important Committees and Commissions in India for UPSC- Indian Polity

A commission is a group of people entrusted by the government to implement a specific task or objective. It can either be long-term or specified to carry out a short-term objective. Long-term commissions are called permanent commissions. Those commissions mandated to carry out a specific task are called ad-hoc commissions. This is an important part of polity preparation for the IAS Exam.

This article gives the list of Committees and Commissions in India that can be used by IAS aspirants in their UPSC  preparation in general and in IAS Mains Polity for prelims and GS-II papers preparation in particular.

List of Committees and Commissions in India:- Download PDF Here

List of Committees & Commissions in  India for IAS

Some commissions are permanent while others are temporary. The latter kind is constituted for a single purpose only and is discontinued once their purpose is fulfilled and their report is submitted to the government.

The list of important Permanent Commissions is given in the table below:

List of Commissions Purpose of Commissions Year of Establishment
Central Information Commission (CIC) To receive and inquire into complaints from aggrieved persons 2005
Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) To address and probe offences by Central Government officers, officers of societies, corporation, and local authority under the Central Government 1964
Atomic Energy Commission of India To look after atomic energy activities in India 1948
Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) To give meaningful real income levels to farmers, and to help farmers adopt new technology for increased productivity 1965
National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) To consider inclusions in and exclusions from the lists of communities notified as backward for job reservations and tenders needful advice to the Central Government on such matters 1993
National Commission on Cattle To recommend ways to improve cattle condition in India 2002
National Commission for Women (NCW) To protect and promote the interests of women in India 1992
Competition Commission of India (CCI) To enforce ‘The Competition Act, 2002’ all over India 2003
Telecom Commission To deal with various aspects of telecommunications 1989
National Statistical Commission (NCS) To reduce the problems faced by statistical agencies about the collection of data 2005
Election Commission (ECI) To administer the election process all over India 1950
Law Commission To reform the law for promoting justice in society 1834
Chief Labour Commissioner To enforce labour laws and other labour-related issues 1945
Finance Commission (FCI) To define the financial relations between the centre and the states 1951
National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) To protect and promote human rights 1993
University Grants Commission (UGC) To provide recognition to universities in India, disburse funds and maintain standards in university education 1956
National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) To protect and develop the condition of STs in India 2004
National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector To address the issues faced by enterprises in the unorganized sector 2004
National Forest Commission To review and assess the existing forest policy 2003
Central Water Commission (CWC) To manage schemes for control, conservation, and utilization of water resources throughout the country 1945
Commission for Additional Sources of Energy To formulate and implement policies and programmes for the development of new and renewable energy, and also conduct R&D in this area 1981
National Flood Commission (Rashtriya Barh Ayog) To evolve a coordinated, integrated, and scientific approach to the flood control problems in the country 1976
Indo-Bangladesh Joint Rivers Commission (JRC) To maintain liaison to ensure the most effective joint effort in maximizing the benefits from common river systems between India and Bangladesh 1972
Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) To plan, promote, organize, facilitate and assist in the establishment and development of khadi and village industries in rural areas 1956
Staff Selection Commission (SSC) To recruit staff for various posts in the Ministries and Departments of the Union Government 1975
Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) To give recommendations regarding the public administration system of India 1966
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
  • Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union
  • Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.
  • Appointment of officers on promotion/deputation/ absorption and more

This list of important permanent commissions will help candidates in UPSC 2023 too which they may check in the linked article.

The list of important Ad-Hoc Commissions is given in the table below:

List of Commissions Purpose of Commissions Year of Establishment
States Reorganisation Commission To recommend the reorganization of state boundaries 1953
Kothari Commission For educational reforms 1964
Kapur Commission To inquire into Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination 1966
Khosla Commission To re-investigate the death of Subhas Chandra Bose 1970
Mandal Commission To consider seat reservations and quotas for people to redress caste discrimination 1979
Sarkaria Commission To examine centre-state relations 1983
Mukherjee Commission To re-investigate the death of Subhas Chandra Bose 1959
Nanavati Commission To inquire into the anti-Sikh riots of 1984 2000
Narendran Commission To examine the representation of Backward Classes in the State public services 2000
National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution To suggest changes in electoral laws 2000
Nanavati-Shah Commission To inquire into the Godhra incident and the communal riots that ensued in 2002 2002
Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities (Ranganath Misra Commission) To look into the issues of linguistic and religious minorities in India 2004
U.C. Banerjee Commission To inquire into the Godhra incident and the communal riots that ensued in 2002 2002
Thakkar Commission To probe the assassination of Indira Gandhi 1984
Phukan Commission To inquire into corruption allegations in the wake of the Tehelka tapes controversy 2003
Upendra Commission To probe the alleged rape and murder of Thangjam Manorama Devi 2004
M.M. Punchhi Commission To examine centre-state relations 2007
Shah Commission To probe the excesses committed during the emergency (1975-77) 1977
Kalelkar Commission To promote and uplift the society’s deprived sections 1953
Liberhan Commission To probe the Babri Masjid demolition 1992

These lists of committees and commissions in India will also be helpful for other government exams which candidates may check in the linked article.

List of Committees and Commissions in India:- Download PDF Here

Frequently Asked Questions on Indian Committees and Commissions


Q 1. When and why was the Central Information Commission (CIC) formed

Ans. The Central Information Commission was constituted in 2005 under the Right to Information Act, 2005 with an aim to receive and inquire into complaints from aggrieved persons.

Q 2. What was the role of the Mandal Commission?

Ans. Mandal Commission was set up with an aim to identify the socially or educationally backward classes and discuss reservations and quotas to redress the caste discrimination.

To read more about commissions and their significance, IAS aspirants may check the linked articles in the table below:

Related Links:
Different Commissions and their Recommendations Punchhi Commission Report for IAS Preparation
National Commission for Backward Classes National Commission for Women
UPSC Notes UPSC Calendar 2023


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