UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – Kuchipudi
Kuchipudi, a pre-famous Indian traditional dance form considered as a part of ten leading dance types of India, is a dance-drama performance craftsmanship that began in a town of Krishna region of Andhra Pradesh, India.
Like all driving Indian established dance forms, Kuchipudi excessively developed as a religious craftsmanship attaching back to the well established Hindu Sanskrit content ‘Natya Shastra’ and interfaces customarily with sanctuaries, otherworldly beliefs and voyaging troubadours.
This old dance form discovers put in the tenth century copper engravings and in fifteenth century writings like ‘Machupalli Kaifat’.
Customarily it is respected that the sanyassin of Advaita Vedanta organization, Tirtha Narayana Yati, and his devotee Siddhendra Yogi started, methodized and arranged the present day variant of the move shape in seventeenth century.
History and Evolution
The theoretical establishment of Kuchipudi is attached back to the antiquated Sanskrit Hindu content on the performing expressions called ‘Natya Shastra’ which is licensed to Indian theatrologist and musicologist Bharata Muni.
It is accepted that the full form of the content was first finished between 200 BCE to 200 CE, yet such period likewise differs between 500 BCE and 500 CE.
Bharata Muni not just specifies the Andhra area in this old content yet in addition traits a rich development called ‘Kaishiki vritti’ and a raga called “Andhri” to this district. The raga that is related with “Arsabhi” and “Gandhari” additionally discovers put in a few other Sanskrit writings going back to the first thousand years.
The collection of Kuchipudi takes after three execution classifications in particular “Nritta” (Nirutham), “Nritya” (Niruthiyam) and “Natya” (Natyam) said in ‘Natya Shastra’ and took after by all significant Indian established move shapes.
“Nritta” is a specialized execution where the artist presents pure dance movements giving weight on speed, form, pattern, range and rhythmic aspects with no type of authorization or interpretive angles.
In “Nritya” the dancer-actor imparts a story, otherworldly topics especially on Lord Krishna through expressive signals and slower body developments fit with melodic notes therefore fascinating the group of onlookers with the feelings and subjects of the demonstration.
“Natyam” is normally performed by a group or at times by a solo dancer who keeps up certain body developments for particular characters of the play which is imparted through dance-acting.
Instruments and Music
The group of a Kuchipudi execution incorporates a Sutradhara or Nattuvanar who is the conductor of the whole execution. He presents the melodic syllables and utilizations cymbals to deliver musical beat. The story or otherworldly message is sung either by the conductor or another vocalist or here and there by the on-screen character artists. The melodic instruments for the most part incorporate cymbals, mridangam, tambura, veena and woodwind.