The Chief of Defence Staff of the Indian Armed Forces is the head and the highest-ranking officer of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India is the supreme commander of the Armed Forces. The Chief of Defence is the military’s chief executive with operational and strategic authority over the defence forces and not its commander.
General Bipin Rawat was the first Chief of Defence Staff. He assumed office on 1st January 2020. He was to serve a three-year term until December 2022. Unfortunately, Gen Rawat died in a chopper crash in December 2021. Lt General Anil Chauhan (retired) was appointed the next Chief of Defence Staff on September 28, 2022. He will also be functioning as Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Military Affairs.
This article will give further give details about the Chief of Defence Staff within the context of the Civil Services Examination.
Chief of Defence Staff [UPSC Notes]:-Download PDF Here
List of Chiefs of the Indian Defence
The table below gives a list of current serving chiefs of the Indian Armed Forces
|General Manoj Mukund Naravane||Army – Chief of Army Staff|
|Admiral Karambir Singh||Navy – Chief of the Navy Staff|
|Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria||Air Force – Chief of Air Staff|
Overview of the Chief of Defence Staff
Facts about the Chief of Defence Staff are given in the table below:
Chief of Defence Staff (Chief of Defence Staff)
|Reports to||Ministry of Defence|
|Appointer||Appointments Committee of the Cabinet|
|Term of Office||Three years of until the age of 65; whichever comes first|
|Precursor||Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee|
|Formation||24 December 2019|
|First holder||General Bipin Rawat|
Lt General Anil Chauhan (retired) was appointed the second Chief of Defence Staff, nine months after the death of General Bipin Rawat. Important points to know about him:
- He is an alumnus of the National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla, and Indian Military Academy, Dehradun. In 1981, he was commissioned into 11 Gorkha Rifles, a Gorkha regiment of the Indian Army.
- During his 40-year military career, Lt Gen Anil Chauhan held many command, staff, and instrumental assignments and had extensive experience in North-East Indian and Jammu and Kashmir counter-insurgency operations.
- The officer also held significant staff positions, like that of the Director General of Military Operations.
- He had previously served on a United Nations mission to Angola.
- For his honourable and exceptional service to the Army, Lieutenant General Anil Chauhan (Retired) was awarded the Param Vishisht Seva Medal, Uttam Yudh Seva Medal, Ati Vishisht Seva Medal, Sena Medal, and Vishisht Seva Medal.
Candidates can find the list of Admirals and Air Chief Marshals through the links given below:
History of the Chief of Defence Staff
Although the idea of the creation of the Chief of Defence Staff position has been floated post the independence of India, it was officially suggested through the recommendation of the Kargil Review Committee after the end of the Kargil War (which ended on July 26, 1999). Subsequent commissions such as the Naresh Chandra task force in 2012 and the Lieutenant General D.B. Shekatkar Committee in 2016 had also proposed their own versions of a Chief of Defence Staff position.
On his independence day speech on August 15 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the creation of the Chief of Defence Staff. A formal statement was issued by the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) on 24 December 2019 about the creation of the Chief of Defence Staff.
To know more about the Internal Security Forces of India and its mandate, visit the linked article.
Description of the Chief of Defence Staff
In today’s era of hybrid war, the Chief of Defence Staff is a critical position as it will play an important role in increasing coordination and combine overall combat abilities of the Indian Armed Forces. While the Defence Secretary will remain the main defence advisor, the Chief of Defence Staff will be acting as the single-point military advisor to the government and Prime Minister of India.
The Chief of Defence Staff is a four-star officer chosen among the ranks of officers currently serving in the Indian Armed Forces. As stated earlier the Chief of Defence Staff is a one-point military advisor who will not hold any military command. The Chief of Defence Staff will also be the head of all tri-service command structures, assisted by the Vice Chief of the Defence Staff as the deputy.
The Chief of Defence Staff will be responsible for the newly created Department of Military Affairs (DMA), which would come under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defence.
As the Permanent Chairman of Chiefs of Staff Committee, Chief of Defence Staff will perform the following functions:
- The Chief of Defence Staff is described as the ‘first among equals’ among the service chiefs.
- The task of Chief of Defence Staff is to better standardize weapons procurement procedures and combining operations of the Army, Air Force and Navy.
- The Chief of Defence Staff has the authority to create theatre commands as and when needed.
- Command tri-service agencies, organisations, and commands including those related to cyber and space.
- Chief of Defence Staff will be a member of the Defence Acquisition Council chaired by the Minister of Defence and Defence Planning Committee chaired by the National Security Advisor.
- Bring about jointness and ensure optimal utilisation of infrastructure in the three Services.
- Implement a Five-Year Defence Capital Acquisition Plan (DCAP), and Two-Year roll-on Annual Acquisition Plans (AAP), as a follow up of Integrated Capability Development Plan (ICDP).
- Assign inter-Services prioritisation to capital acquisition proposals.
- The Chief of Defence Staff’ salary and perquisites will be the same as the service chiefs. Its details will come under the Right to Information Act.
Reforms Slated to be Carried out by the Chief of Defence Staff
- Among the initial reforms by the Chief of Defence Staff was much awaited structural change through the creation of theatre commands. following are its key points –
- There are indications for the creation of two to five theatre commands to deal with challenges on various fronts effectively.
- Each command will have units from Army, Navy and Air-force working in synchronisation with each other to produce effective results.
- Each command shall operate independently and thus can act upon the task with agility and in a short time.
- Commands may include a peninsular command which shall include eastern and western command of Indian Navy, a dedicated command for Jammu and Kashmir, a dedicated command for logistics requirement of the three services, and an Air Defence Command among others.
Chief of Defence Staff [UPSC Notes]:-Download PDF Here
Frequently Asked Questions on Chief of Defence Staff, India
Q 1. Who is the current Chief of Defence Staff of India?
Q 2. What is the role of the Chief of Defence Staff in India?
Ans. The responsibilities of CDS include:
- Combining operations of the Army, Air Force and Navy
- To standardize weapons procurement procedures
- CDS is the commanding officer and chairperson of the Joint Commanders and Staff Committee
- Ensure optimal utilisation of infrastructure in the three Services
To know more in detail about other Government Exams, candidates can visit the linked article. For more preparation materials related to the UPSC Exams, visit the links given in the table below: